Leo Frank and Other Associated Principals in the Early Print Media of Newspapers and Magazines During the 20th Century, Including the Notable March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution, Leo Max Frank Jailhouse Interview Admission Amounting to Leo Frank Murder Confession Number Four.

Clark Howell (September 21, 1863 – November 14, 1936) was a Pulitzer Prize winning American newspaper man and politician from the state of Georgia.
 

According to Wikipedia:

Howell was born on September 21, 1863 in Atlanta, Georgia. During the American Civil War his mother was in South Carolina, while his father, Captain Evan Howell, served in the infantry and commanded a Confederate artillery battery.

Clark Howell attended the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society as well as an early member of the Gamma chapter of the Kappa Alpha Order, and graduated with an A.B. degree in 1883.[1] Directly after he moved to New York City and began working as a reporter for the New York Times then worked as the night telegraph editor of the Philadelphia Press.

In 1880 he returned to Atlanta and worked as a reporter at the Atlanta Constitution where his father was editor-in-chief and a principal stock holder. After managing editor Henry W. Grady died in 1889, the younger Howell took over that position. He eventually succeeded his father as editor-in-chief in 1897 upon the elder Howell’s retirement. That year he was elected to the Fulton County Board of Commissioners and served for one year. In 1901, Clark Howell purchased controlling shares in the Constitution to become its new owner.[2]

Starting in 1886, Howell was elected to three terms in the Georgia House of Representatives and served as speaker for one term. In 1900, he was elected one of the original directors of the Associated Press, a position he maintained the rest of his life. Also in 1900 he was elected to the Georgia Senate where he served consecutive two-years terms and was the President of that body during the latter term.[1] Following that he was defeated in the contentious 1906 Democratic Georgia gubernatorial race won by Hoke Smith, owner of the rival Atlanta Journal newspaper.

Even though Howell was a life-long Democrat, President Warren G. Harding placed him on a special mining commission in 1922 and ten years later President Hoover appointed him to a national transportation commission.

The Constitution won the 1931 Pulitzer Prize for Howell’s series exposing the Atlanta graft ring which led to six indictments and the downfall of Mayor I. N. Ragsdale’s political career. In 1934, President Roosevelt named him to chair the Federal Aviation Commission in the wake of the Air Mail scandal and appointed him chairman of a commission to study aviation in foreign countries. The French government made him a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1935.

He served as Georgia’s state Democratic committeeman from 1896 to 1924 and again starting in June 1936 where he succeeded Governor Eugene Talmadge.[3]

Clark Howell founded WGST (Georgia School of Technology) as a gift to the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1922. Operating as a commercial station with educational opportunities for students, the radio station was officially owned by the Board of Regents. After several lawsuits, the station was sold to a private corporation in 1974. The school reacquired a radio station, now known as WREK.[4] A freshman residence hall at Georgia Tech, Howell Hall, as well as an academic building at his alma mater, Clark Howell Hall, are named in his honor.

When Howell died he was the president and editor of the Atlanta Constitution and a director of the Associated Press.

Direct Source: Clark Howell, prolific editor, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clark_Howell, retrieved 2012.

Leo Frank Reading From Watson's Magazine 1915Leo Frank Reading, Photo from Watson’s Magazine, 1915
The 4th known Leo Frank murder sustaining admission that amounted to delicious irony, can be explored by reading between the lines of The Jailhouse Interview of Leo Frank, 17 Questions and Answers Published in the Atlanta Constitution, March 9, 1914, but there is one caveat, in order to properly understand Leo Frank murder confession number four – known as “The Leo Frank Jail House Murder Confession” – you must first become deeply acquainted with Leo Frank’s first three separate and distinct murder confessions (April 26, 1913, to August 18, 1913) contained in the official Leo Frank trial brief of evidence, 1913 (See, Affidavits and Trial Testimony of Jim Conley from may and early August; Minola McKnight’s State Exhibit J, June 3, 1913; Monteen Stover’s Trial Testimony; Leo Frank’s Trial Statement, August 18, 1913, about his “unconscious” bathroom visit).

As Allen Koenigsberg once said (2013), “The [Leo Frank] defense has long held that the sworn statement of Minola McKnight was coerced, but Who was Leo Frank saving his kisses for?” (Leo Frank Case, Koenigsberg, 2013). Taking Koenigberg’s (2013) line of questioning to the deeper level as 21st century forensic time travelers, we might also ask, why did Leo Frank so thoughtfully buy a 1 Lbs. box of chocolates for $1 from Jacob’s Pharmacy, to give to his wife Lucille Selig on the evening of the murder? Was Leo Frank trying to assuage his guilt? or was Leo Frank making up for the argument he had with Lucille on the morning of the murder? (See, the advertisement next to Lucia Di Lammermore, Metropolitan Opera, April 26, 1913). Finally, We are left with wondering how Leo Frank could claim his wife was at home finishing her lunch time dinner at 1:20pm to 1:30 pm, getting ready to leave for the Metropolitan Opera, when we can now reasonably determine she had already left (page, 17, 18, Metropolitan Opera, April 26, 1913), because she would have been at the Grand Opera House at least 15 minutes before the performance started at 2:00 p.m.

If you have ever watched the internationally acclaimed Leo Frank musical known as ‘Parade’, that distorts the Frank-Phagan Case through the myopic eyes of Jewish cultural terrorists, then perhaps you’d like a glimmer of what really happened:

On Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913 in Atlanta, Georgia, it was inside the palatial auditorium, where the fourth annual season of Grand Opera performed by the visiting NYC Metropolitan Opera Company was coming to close. It was at the last Matinée of Lucia Di Lammermore, where Frieda Hempel’s soulful voice was climbing hauntingly skyward and while tears were showering down the eyes of Lucille Selig Frank — another script was playing out at a dingy shuttered factory, located at 37-41 South Forsyth Street in the heart of downtown Atlanta, it was an event that would forever become an indelible part of U.S. legal history and popular culture – The Leo Frank Jewish Hate Soap Opera (1913 to 2013).

Metropolitan Opera Programme in Atlanta Georgia, Late April 1913, available for download on The Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/MetropolitanOperaInAtlantaApril1913

Thrice Times Frank Made Ineluctable Admissions, Twice Before and One During his Trial

(Out of 4 known Leo Frank murder admissions, only 3, made it into the official record, because of the timing.)

Concerning the three Leo Frank murder incriminating admissions contained in the official record, be sure to start with learning about Leo’s 3rd and most dramatic, known as Leo Frank’s August 18, 1913, murder trial confession, before learning about his 4th published by the Atlanta Constitution on March 9, 1914.

Jim Conley and Lucille Selig Frank

The first two private Leo Frank murder confessions were made to, one, his accomplice-after-the-fact or accessory-after-the-fact Jim Conley, the incident at the NPCo is known as Leo Frank murder confession #1, and second, Leo Frank’s 68 East Georgia Avenue, Selig-Residence, second floor private bedroom chamber confession, he made to his wife Lucille Selig Frank, known as Leo Frank murder confession #2. (see BOE, Minola McKnight Affidavit, State’s Exhibit J, 1913, for the source of Leo Frank murder confession #2).

Thomas Edward Watson (more commonly known as Tom Watson) does a superb job articulating Leo Frank’s August 18, 1913, murder trial admission-confession in his ‘Jeffersonian Newspaper’ (1914 to 1917) and ‘Watson’s Magazine’ (1915):

Jeffersonian Newspaper

The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive (highly recommended, search on Leo Frank) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill http://www2.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson/ provides the most complete (90%) collections of Jeffersonian weekly newspaper available. Back up with 80% of Jeffersonians associated with the Leo Frank Case: http://www.leofrank.org/images/jeffersonian-newspaper-images/ Years 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917.

Be sure to read Tom E. Watson‘s, monthly called ‘Watson’s Magazine’, back-to-back the August, September and October (1915) issues provide the best analysis on the Leo Frank case ever published in the last 100 years.

Watson’s Magazine, 1915

* Watson’s Magazine, January 1915, Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson is just getting warmed up in this issue.

** The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for ‘A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case’. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. New elaborations on the Leo Frank case, but far from as thorough as the August, September and October issues.

**** Watson’s Magazine August 1915 volume 21 no. 4 featuring Leo Frank Mary Phagan Murder Trial A review of the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson dives into the the Leo Frank trial brief of evidence (1913).

***** The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert, September 1915 By Tom Watson, of historical importance. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Tom Watson proves Leo Frank guilty without the testimony of the Negro Jim Conley. http://www.leofrank.org/library/watsons-magazine-1915/watsons-magazine-september-1915-pages-251-297.pdf

National Jewish Media Control vs. Tom Watson

**** The Jewish Controlled Media “Jewsmedia” Social, Political, Culture and Genetic War Against Western Civilization: Rich Jews Indict the State of Georgia (October, 1915) By Tom Watson, historically important. Tom Watson exposes the big money Jewish Community. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson reviews what he perceives as the Jewish media assault on Georgia. http://www.leofrank.org/library/watsons-magazine-1915/watsons-magazine-october-1915-pages-300-342.pdf

The Three Major Atlanta Dailies that had an Oligopoly over the Local Atlanta Media and competed for coverage over the Mary Phagan Murder Investigation and Leo Frank’s Epic Trial:

Was there anti-Semitic racism and prejudice in these newspapers? Travel down the timeweb to 1913 Atlanta Georgia!

1. Atlanta Constitution Full Issues Covering the Leo Frank Case From 1908, 1913 to 1915

Atlanta Constitution complete issues from 1908, 1913 to 1915 about the Leo Frank Case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-constitution-issues/

2. Atlanta Georgian Full Issues Concerning the Principals of the Leo Frank Case from the Murder of Mary Phagan to the Conviction of Leo Frank Over Four Month Period:

The Atlanta Georgian Newspaper Archive Beginning, April 28, 1913, through August, 1913: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-georgian/

3. Atlanta Journal Shortened issues Concerning the Leo Frank Case, April 28, 1913 to Dec. 31st, 1913:
http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-journal-newspaper-shortened/

21st Century Articles from the American Mercury Addressing the Jewish Communities Hate Crime Hoax Perpetuated Over the Generations:

1. One Hundred Reasons Why Leo Frank is Guilty:
http://theamericanmercury.org/2013/04/100-reasons-proving-leo-frank-is-guilty/

2. Did Leo Frank Confess?: http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/09/did-leo-frank-confess/

3. A Review of Steve Oney’s 2003 Book on the Leo Frank Case: Who Really Solved the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery? http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/10/who-really-solved-the-mary-phagan-murder-case/

4. A Review of Leonard Dinnerstein’s Book on the Leo Frank Case: The Leo Frank Case: A Pseudo-History! http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/10/the-leo-frank-case-a-pseudo-history/

Newspaper Reports Chronologically, From April 28, 1913 Onward:

1913

April 28, 1913: 1,000 Throng Morgue to See Body of Victim (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Arrested as Girl’s Slayer: John M. Gant Accused of the Crime; Former Bookkeeper Taken by Police (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Chief and Sleuths Trace Steps in Slaying of Girl; Story of Killing as Meager Facts Reveal It (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Coroner’s Jury Visits Scene of Murder and Adjourns without Rendering Verdict (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Gant, Arrested as Slayer of Girl, Tells Story to Georgian (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Gant Is Brought from Marietta (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Gant, Suspect, Enamored of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Girl is Assaulted and then Murdered in Heart of Town (Atlanta Constitution)

April 28, 1913: Girl and Landlady Defend Mullinax (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Girl’s Grandfather Vows Vengeance on the Slayer (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Horrible Mistake, Pleads Mullinax, Denying Crime (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: “I Could Trust Mary Anywhere,” Her Weeping Mother Says (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: J. M. Gantt Is Arrested on His Arrival in Marietta; He Visited Factory Saturday (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Lifelong Friend Saw Girl and Man after Midnight (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Look for Negro to Break Down (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Man Held for Girl’s Murder Avows He Was With Another When Witness Saw Him Last (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Mother Sobs over Fate of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Negro Is Not Guilty, Says Factory Head (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Neighbors of Slain Girl Cry for Vengeance (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Police Question Factory Superintendent: Strand of Hair Clew in Killing of Phagan Girl (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Police Think Negro Watchman Can Clear Murder Mystery; Four Are Now Under Arrest (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Pretty Young Victim of Sunday’s Atrocious Crime and the Building in Which She Met Her Death (Atlanta Constitution)

April 28, 1913: Story of Prisoner Who Denies Crime; ‘Horrible Mistake’ (Atlanta Georgian)

April 28, 1913: Strand of Hair in Machine on Second Floor May Be Clew Left by Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Suspect Gant Tells His Own Story: Denies Guilt But Is Identified as Man Seen Leading Girl (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: $1,000 Reward (Atlanta Constitution)

April 29, 1913: Charge Is Basest of Lies, Declares Gantt (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Clew Sought in Scribbled Notes (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Factory Employe May Be Taken Any Moment (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Factory Head Frank and Watchman Newt Lee Are “Sweated” by Police (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Former Playmates Meet Girl’s Body at Marietta (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Frank Under ‘Third Degree’: We Have Strangler of Mary Phagan, Is Chief Lanford’s Assertion (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Guilt Will Be Fixed Detectives Declare (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Held on Murder Charge in Mary Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

April 29, 1913: I Am Not Guilty, Says John M. Gant (Atlanta Constitution)

April 29, 1913: ‘I Feel as Though I Could Die,’ Sobs Mary Phagan’s Grief-Stricken Sister (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: “Lee’s Guilt Proved,” Detectives Assert: Suspicion Lifts from Frank; May Be Freed; Gantt Granted Writ (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: L. M. Frank, Factory Superintendent, Detained by Police: Detectives Building Case on Theory That Frank and Negro Can Clear Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

April 29, 1913: Loyalty Sends Girl to Defend Mullinax (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Negro Watchman Is Accused by Slain Girl’s Stepfather (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Pastor Prays for Justice at Girl’s Funeral (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Pinkertons Hired to Assist Police Probe the Murder of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

April 29, 1913: Sister’s New Story May Clear Gantt (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Slayer’s Hand Print Left on Arm of Girl (Atlanta Georgian)

April 29, 1913: Three Handwriting Experts Say Negro Wrote the Two Notes Found by Body of Girl (Atlanta Journal)

April 29, 1913: Was Victim of Murder Lured Off on Joy Ride Before She Met Death? (Atlanta Constitution)

April 30, 1913: Clock ‘Misses’ Add Mystery to Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Did Murderers Plan Cremation? (Atlanta Constitution)

April 30, 1913: ‘Looks Like Frank Is Trying to Put Crime on Me,’ Says Lee (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Leo Frank’s Friends Denounce Detention (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Mother Prays That Son May Be Released (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Murder Analyzed by Dr. M’Kelway (Atlanta Constitution)

April 30, 1913: Negro Watchman Tells Story of Finding Girl’s Body and Questions Fail to Shake Him (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: Police Claim Evidence in Murder Mystery Now Complete: New Arrests Likely; Leo Frank Still Held; Case Against Negro (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Newt Lee on Stand at Inquest Tells His Side of Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

April 30, 1913: Reward of $1,000 Is Appropriated by City (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: Use of Dictaphone on Frank and Negro Is Denied by Police (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: While Hundreds Sob, Body of Mary Phagan Lowered Into Grave (Atlanta Constitution)

April 30, 1913: While Hunt Continues for Slayer of Mary Phagan, Marietta Mourns as Body is Lowered into Grave (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1913: Detectives Eliminate Evidence in Conflict with Theory That Phagan Girl Never Left Factory (Atlanta Journal)

May 1, 1913: Did Murderer Seek to Burn Slain Girl’s Body, And Did the Watchman Interrupt Him? (Atlanta Journal)

May 1, 1913: Frank Tried to Flirt With Murdered Girl, Says Her Boy Chum (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1913: New Arrest Made in Phagan Case; Lee Gives New Clews (Atlanta Georgian)

May 1, 1913: Newt Lee Tells His Story During Morning Session (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1913: Pretty Young Sweetheart Comes to the Aid of Arthur Mullinax (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1913: State Enters Phagan Case; Frank and Lee Are Taken to Tower (Atlanta Georgian)

May 2, 1913: Dorsey Puts Own Sleuths onto Phagan Slaying Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 2, 1913: Frank and Lee Held in Tower, Others Released (Atlanta Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Frank Girls Going to Inquest (Atlanta Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Keep an Open Mind (Atlanta Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Police Still Puzzled by Mystery of Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 2, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Is Making Independent Probe of Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

May 2, 1913: Troops on Alert for Mob (New York Times)

May 3, 1913: Analysis of Blood Stains May Solve Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 3, 1913: Detectives Confer with Coroner and Solicitor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

May 3, 1913: Three New Witnesses for Phagan Case Inquest (Atlanta Georgian)

May 4, 1913: Girl in Red Dress May Furnish Clue to Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 4, 1913: Gov. Brown on Phagan Case: Let Law Take Its Course, He Says, ‘Guilty Will Be Punished, Innocent Freed’ (Atlanta Georgian)

May 4, 1913: Grand Jury to Take up Phagan Case To-morrow (Atlanta Georgian)

May 4, 1913: Impostors Busy in Sleuth Roles in Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

May 4, 1913: Old Police Reporter Analyzes Mystery: Phagan Case Solution Far Off, He Says  (Atlanta Georgian)

May 4, 1913: Slayer of Mary Phagan Still May Be at Large (Atlanta Georgian)

May 4, 1913: The Case of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

May 5, 1913: Analysis of Blood Stains May Solve Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Coroner’s Inquest Resumed 2:30 P.M.; Frank Will Testify (Atlanta Journal)

May 5, 1913: Coroner’s Jury Likely to Hold Both Prisoners (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Crowds at Phagan Inquest: Grand Jury Instructed to Probe Deeply (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Frank on Witness Stand: Makes Statement under Oath; Nervous, But Replies Quickly (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Inquest in Phagan Case To-day May End the Great Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Judge W. D. Ellis Charges Grand Jury to Probe into Phagan Slaying Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 5, 1913: Sleuths Believe They Can Convict Phagan Murderer (Atlanta Constitution)

May 6, 1913: Bowen Still Held by Houston Police in the Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Frank’s Testimony Fails to Lift Veil of Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: How Frank Spent Day of Tragedy (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Leo Frank Names New Man: Lemmie Quinn in Factory on Day of Death (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: L. M. Frank’s Complete Story of Where He Was and What He Did on the Day of Mary Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 6, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Body Exhumed; Hurt Looks for Signs of ‘Dope’ (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Newest Clews in Phagan Case Not Yet Public (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Paul Bowen, Held in Houston, Known Here But Left Atlanta in October; Hasn’t Been Back (Atlanta Journal)

May 6, 1913: Phagan Case and Solicitor General’s Power under Law — Dorsey Hasn’t Encroached on Coroner (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Pistol Toting is Condemned by Judge Ellis in His Charge (Atlanta Constitution)

May 6, 1913: Police Have New and Startling Evidence Not Yet Made Public (Atlanta Georgian)

May 6, 1913: Third Man Brought into Phagan Mystery by Frank’s Evidence (Atlanta Constitution)

May 7, 1913: Employe of Lunch Stand Near Pencil Factory Is Trailed to Alabama (Atlanta Georgian)

May 7, 1913: Lee Is Quizzed by Dorsey for New Evidence (Atlanta Georgian)

May 7, 1913: Officials Plan to Exhume Body of Victim Today (Atlanta Constitution)

May 7, 1913: Phagan Girl’s Body Again Exhumed for Finger-Print Clews (Atlanta Georgian)

May 7, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Orders Body Exhumed in the Hope of Getting New Evidence (Atlanta Georgian)

May 7, 1913: Surprising New Turn in Hunt for Slayer of Phagan Girl (Atlanta Georgian)

May 7, 1913: Two New Witnesses in Phagan Mystery to Testify Thursday (Atlanta Journal)

May 8, 1913: Didn’t See Girl Late Saturday, He Admits (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Frank of Nervous Nature; Says Superintendent Aide (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Frank Ready to Take Stand: Phagan Inquest Is Near End; Likely to Go to Jury by 7 P.M. (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Frank Will Take a Stand at Inquest (Atlanta Constitution)

May 8, 1913: How Atlanta Cleaned Up (Jeffersonian)

May 8, 1913: Mr. Frank’s Treatment of Girls Unimpeachable, Says Miss Hall/Miss Hattie Hall, Stenographer, Left Pencil Factor at Noon (Atlanta Journal)

May 8, 1913: Phagan Inquest in Session: Six Witnesses Are Examined Before Adjournment to 2:30 (Atlanta Journal)

May 8, 1913: Pinkerton Detective Tells of Call from Factory Head (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Police Still Withhold Evidence: Frank to Be Examined on New Lines (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Stains of Blood on Shirt Fresh, Says Dr. Smith (Atlanta Constitution)

May 8, 1913: Quinn, Foreman Over Slain Girl, Tells of Seeing Frank (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Stenographer in Factory Office on Witness Stand (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Testimony at Early Session of Phagan Inquest: Rogers Tells What Police Found at the Factory (Atlanta Georgian)

May 8, 1913: Another Clew in Phagan Case Is Worthless (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Best Detective in America Is Now on the Case, Says Dorsey (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Black Testifies Quinn Denied Visiting Factory (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: County to Furnish Unlimited Funds to Solve the Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Frank and Lee Held; Grand Jury Likely to Take up Case Monday (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Frank and Lee Ordered Held by Coroner’s Jury for Mary Phagan Murder (Atlanta Constitution)

May 9, 1913: Here Is Testimony of Witnesses Given at the Final Session of Coroner’s Jury in Phagan Case/Detective Scott’s Testimony as Given before Coroner’s Jury (Atlanta Journal)

May 9, 1913: Inquest Scene Is Dramatic in Its Tenseness (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Lee Repeats His Private Conversation with Frank (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Leo Frank Is Again Quizzed by Coroner (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: New Evidence Sought: Grand Jury May Act Saturday: ‘I Expected to Be Held’ — Frank (Atlanta Georgian)

May 9, 1913: Superintendent Frank Is Once More Put on Witness Stand (Atlanta Journal)

May 9, 1913: With Two Men Held in Tower, Mystery of Murder Deepens (Atlanta Journal)

May 10, 1913: Factory Foreman Who Testified (Atlanta Constitution)

May 10, 1913: Girl Will Swear Office of Frank Deserted Between 12:05 and 12:10 (Atlanta Constitution)

May 10, 1913: Guard of Secrecy Is Thrown About Phagan Search by Solicitor (Atlanta Georgian)

May 10, 1913: New Phagan Evidence for Grand Jury: Dorsey Has Valuable Evidence in Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 10, 1913: Public Now Knows All Facts in Murder Case, Says Detectives (Atlanta Journal)

May 11, 1913: City Detectives’ Theory of Phagan Murder Outlined (Atlanta Journal)

May 11, 1913: Officer Swears He Found Frank With Young Girl (Atlanta Constitution)

May 11, 1913: Mystery of 14-Year-Old Mary Phagan’s Tragic End Adds One to Long List of Atlanta’s Unsolved Crimes (Atlanta Constitution)

May 11, 1913: No Real Solution of Phagan Slaying Mystery Reached Yet: Mary Phagan’s Death Only Assured Fact Developed (Atlanta Georgian)

May 11. 1913: Sealed Affidavits May Solve the Phagan Mystery: Caught Frank with Girl in Park, He Says (Atlanta Georgian)

May 11, 1913: Weak Evidence Against Men in Phagan Slaying (Atlanta Georgian)

May 12, 1913: Burns Called into Phagan Mystery; On Way from Europe (Atlanta Georgian)

May 12, 1913: Find Guilty Man, Frank’s Lawyer Told Pinkertons (Atlanta Constitution)

May 12, 1913: Phagan Case Is Delayed: Not Likely to Go to Grand Jury This Week (Atlanta Georgian)

May 12, 1913: Rumor That Frank Married in Brooklyn Not True, Says Eagle (Atlanta Journal)

May 12, 1913: The Phagan Case Day by Day (Atlanta Constitution)

May 13, 1913: New Theory Is Offered in Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 13, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Is Working New Theory in Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 13, 1913: Story From New York (Atlanta Constitution)

May 14, 1913: Clue is Sought in Handwriting of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

May 14, 1913: New Theory Fails to Change Course of Murder Probe (Atlanta Journal)

May 14, 1913: Poem in Handwriting of Mary Phagan May Give Solicitor Clue to Murder (Atlanta Constitution)

May 14, 1913: Secret Hunt by Burns in Mystery Is Likely (Atlanta Georgian)

May 15, 1913: Burns Investigator Will Probe Slaying (Atlanta Georgian)

May 15, 1913: Burns Says He Will Hunt Phagan Slayer (Atlanta Georgian)

May 15, 1913: No Phagan Trial Before the Last of June Declares Solicitor (Atlanta Journal)

May 15, 1913: Victim of Murder Prepared to Die, Believes Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

May 16, 1913: $1,000 Offered Burns to Take Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 16, 1913: Books and Papers in Phagan Case in Grand Jury’s Hands (Atlanta Journal)

May 16, 1913: Burns’ Hunt for Phagan Slayer Begun (Atlanta Georgian)

May 16, 1913: Constitution Starts Fund to Bring Burns Here to Solve the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery (Atlanta Constitution)

May 16, 1913: Dorsey Says Burns’ Help Is Welcomed; Secret Probe Begins (Atlanta Georgian)

May 16, 1913: Secret Probe Began By Burns Agent into the Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 17, 1913: Bring Burns Here (Atlanta Constitution)

May 17, 1917: Hunt Phagan Slayer by Writing Clews (Atlanta Georgian)

May 17, 1913: In Loop of Death, Dorsey May Have Clue to Murderer (Atlanta Constitution)

May 17, 1913: New Phagan Witnesses Have Been Found (Atlanta Georgian)

May 17, 1913: Phagan Case Will Go to Grand Jury in Present Form (Atlanta Journal)

May 18, 1913: Burns, Called in as Last Resort, Faces ‘Cold Trail’ in Baffling Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 18, 1913: Burns Sleuth Makes Report in Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 18, 1913: Phagan Theory Is Unchanged After Three Weeks’ Probe (Atlanta Journal)

May 18, 1913: Three Arrests Expected Soon in Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

May 19, 1913: Burns Agent Outlines Phagan Theory (Atlanta Georgian)

May 19, 1913: Burns Eager to Solve Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 19, 1913: Burns’ Investigator Outlines His Theory of Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 19, 1913: Detectives Seek Clue in Writing of Negro Suspect (Atlanta Constitution)

May 20, 1913: Cases Ready Against Lee and Leo Frank (Atlanta Georgian)

May 20, 1913: Phagan Case Goes to Grand Jury in Present Form (Atlanta Journal)

May 20, 1913: Women Declare Phagan Murder Must be Solved (Atlanta Constitution)

May 21, 1913: Finger Print Expert Works with Dorsey to Solve Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 21, 1913: Hunt ‘Voice in Street’ in Phagan Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 21, 1913: More Mystery in Phagan Slaying Case: T. B. Felder Repudiates Report of Activity for Frank (Atlanta Georgian)

May 21, 1913: Tobie is Studying Mary Phagan’s Life (Atlanta Constitution)

May 22, 1913: Burns Aide Is Reported Trailing a New Man (Atlanta Georgian)

May 22, 1913: Experts are Here on Finger Prints (Atlanta Constitution)

May 22, 1913: Grand Jury Won’t Hear Leo Frank or Lee (Atlanta Georgian)

May 22, 1913: Phagan Case Will Go to Grand Jury at 10 A.M. Friday (Atlanta Journal)

May 23, 1913: Felder Denies Phagan Bribery: Dictograph Record Used Against Felder (Atlanta Georgian)

May 23, 1913: Frank Feeling Fine, But Will Not Discuss His Case (Atlanta Georgian)

May 23, 1913: Grand Jury Fails to End Its Probe of Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 23, 1913: Here Is Affidavit Charging Bribery (Atlanta Georgian)

May 23, 1913: Indictment of Both Lee and Frank Is Asked (Atlanta Georgian)

May 23, 1913: Phagan Slaying Is Taken Up by Grand Jury (Atlanta Georgian)

May 23, 1913: Rooming House Sought by Frank, Declares Woman (Atlanta Constitution)

May 23, 1913: Woman Gives Evidence Against Frank: Slaying Indictments Against Both Lee and Frank Will Be Asked (Atlanta Georgian)

May 24, 1913: Coleman Affidavit Which Police Say Felder Wanted (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Frank Not at Home Hours on Sunday, Declares Lanford (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Girl Strangled, Says Indictment (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Leading Figures in Charges of Bribery in Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Leo M. Frank Is Indicted by Grand Jury for Mary Phagan’s Death; Negro, Newt Lee Held (Atlanta Journal)

May 24, 1913: Negro Sweeper Tells Officer Frank Asked Him to Write Some Notes Day Before Tragedy (Atlanta Journal)

May 24, 1913: Politics Enmeshes a Murder Mystery (New York Times)

May 25, 1913: “Becker of South” Lanford is Branded by Col. Tom Felder (Atlanta Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Chief Lanford Calls Felder’s Charges False (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: “Felder Is the Mouthpiece of the Vice Gang,” Declares Chief of Police Jas. L. Beavers (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: Frank Indicted in Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Frank is Praised by John O. Parmele (Atlanta Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Indicted for Girl’s Murder (New York Times)

May 25, 1913: “Lanford Is the Controlling Genius of Conspiracy to Protect the Murderer of Little Mary Phagan” (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: Others Will be Involved in New Bribery Charges Intimates Chief Lanford (Atlanta Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Savings of School Girls are Offered to Hunt for Murderer of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

May 25, 1913: State Didn’t Show Its Case to Secure Indictment Against Superintendent Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: Thomas Felder Brands the Charges of Bribery Diabolical Conspiracy (Atlanta Constitution)

May 26, 1913: Chief Beavers Will Ask Grand Jury Investigation: Through Probe of Charges Against Felder and Latter’s Charges Against Police Asked (Atlanta Journal)

May 26, 1913: “I Have No Proof of Bribery in Phagan Case,” Says Chief (Atlanta Journal)

May 26, 1913: New Witnesses in Phagan Case Found by Police (Atlanta Constitution)

May 26, 1913: Thousands in Atlanta Living the Life of Mary Phagan’s Murderer (Atlanta Constitution)

May 27, 1913: Burns Agency Quits the Phagan Case; Tobie Leaves Today (Atlanta Constitution)

May 27, 1913: Colonel Felder Ridicules Idea of Grand Jury Investigation of City Detectives’ Charges (Atlanta Journal)

May 28, 1913: Conley Reported to Admit Writing Notes Saturday (Atlanta Constitution)

May 28, 1913: Conley Tells in Detail of Writing Notes on Saturday at Dictation of Mr. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

May 29, 1913: Negro Sweeper Tells the Story of Murder Notes (Atlanta Constitution)

May 30, 1913: But One Thing Is Proved in Mary Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Constitution)

May 30, 1913: Conley Says He Helped Frank Carry Body of Mary Phagan to Pencil Factory Cellar (Atlanta Constitution)

May 30, 1913: Conley, Taken to Factory, Shows Where Girl Was Found — How They Put Body In Basement: Gruesome Part Played by Him Illustrated (Atlanta Journal)

May 30, 1913: Conley’s Confession Is Given in Full (Atlanta Journal)

May 31, 1913: Conley Goes Over His Story With Solicitor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

May 31, 1913: Grand Jury Called to Meet Tuesday in Special Session (Atlanta Journal)

May 31, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Murder Was Work of a Negro, Declares Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

June 1, 1913: Conley is Removed from Fulton Tower at His Own Request (Atlanta Constitution)

June 1, 1913: Conley’s Statement Analyzed from Two Different Angles (Atlanta Journal)

June 1, 1913: Lanford Tells Why Conley Was Placed in Police Station (Atlanta Journal)

June 2, 1913: Frank Asked Room to Conceal Body, Believes Lanford (Atlanta Constitution)

June 2, 1913: Frank’s Defense Is Outlined: Mary Phagan Met Death on First Floor, Is Claim (Atlanta Journal)

June 2, 1913: Negro Girl Is Arrested in Phagan Murder Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 3, 1913: Attorney Retained for Negro Servant at Frank’s Home (Atlanta Journal)

June 3, 1913: Grand Jury Calls for Thos. Felder and Police Heads (Atlanta Constitution)

June 3, 1913: Leo Frank’s Cook Put Under Arrest (Atlanta Constitution)

June 4, 1913: Felder Exonerates Beavers, But Says Lanford Is Corrupt (Atlanta Journal)

June 4, 1913: Sensational Affidavit Made by Minola M’Knight, Negro Cook at Home of L. M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 4, 1913: Servant of Frank is Liberated After Long Examination (Atlanta Constitution)

June 5, 1913: Frank Wanted Gun to Take His Own Life, Says Negro Cook (Atlanta Constitution)

June 5, 1913: “My Husband Is Innocent,” Declares Mrs. Leo M. Frank in First Public Statement (Atlanta Journal)

June 5, 1913: Negro’s Affidavit Not Given Much Credence (Atlanta Journal)

June 6, 1913: Conley Sticks to His Story, Declares Detective Chief (Atlanta Journal)

June 6, 1913: Dorsey Replies to the Charges of Mrs. Lucille Selig Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

June 7, 1913: Current in Effect on Day of Tragedy (Atlanta Constitution)

June 7, 1913: Mrs. Frank Scores Solicitor: “Torture Chamber” Methods Charged in Getting Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

June 8, 1913: “Liar and Grafter,” Say Coylar and Lanford in Answer to T. B. Felder (Atlanta Journal)

June 8, 1913: Mrs. Frank Writes About Phagan Case (Atlanta Constitution)

June 8, 1913: Solicitor Makes No Reply to Mrs. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 9, 1913: Defense to Make Next Move in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 10, 1913: Leo Frank Reported Ready for His Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

June 10, 1913: Luther Z. Rosser, Attorney for Frank, Trains His Guns on City Detective Chief: Says Lanford Is Not Seeking for Truth of Murder (Atlanta Journal)

June 11, 1913: Conley’s Status in the Phagan Case May Be Changed Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

June 11, 1913: Lanford Silent on Rosser’s Card (Atlanta Constitution)

June 12, 1913: Court’s Order May Result in Meeting of Negro and Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 13, 1913: Luther Z. Rosser Declares Detectives Dare Not Permit Jim Conley to Talk Freely (Atlanta Journal)

June 13, 1913: Negro Conley May Face Frank Today (Atlanta Constitution)

June 13, 1913: Conley Is Prisoner of City Detectives, Not State, Now (Atlanta Journal)

June 14, 1913: Solicitor H. M. Dorsey Leaves for New York (Atlanta Journal)

June 15, 1913: Detective Chief Tells Grand Jury of Third Degree (Atlanta Constitution)

June 15, 1913: Frank A. Hooper to Aid State in Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

June 16, 1913: Constitution Picture Will Figure in Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

June 16, 1913: Hooper Wants a Rest for Public from Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 17, 1913: Guessers See a Mystery in Dorsey-Hooper Trips (Atlanta Journal)

June 18, 1913: Two New Witnesses Sought by Officers (Atlanta Constitution)

June 18, 1913: Will Reuben R. Arnold Aid Frank’s Defense? (Atlanta Journal)

June 19, 1913: Mrs. Formby Here for Phagan Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

June 19, 1913: Hooper Returns and Takes up Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 19, 1913: Reuben Arnold May Aid Frank’s Defense in Big Murder Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

June 20, 1913: Frank Case May Not Be Tried June 30 (Atlanta Journal)

June 21, 1913: Date of Frank Trial Still in Much Doubt (Atlanta Journal)

June 21, 1913: Frank and Lee Held in Tower, Others Released (Atlanta Constitution)

June 22, 1913: Arnold Declares Frank Innocent and Enters Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 22, 1913: Frank Not Guilty of Phagan Murder, Declares Arnold (Atlanta Constitution)

June 23, 1913: Leo M. Frank’s Trial June 30, Says Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

June 23, 1913: Solicitor Will Fix Frank Trial for June 30, He Says (Atlanta Journal)

June 24, 1913: Frank’s Trial Set for Next Monday (Atlanta Constitution)

June 24, 1913: July 28 Is Date Agreed Upon for Trial of Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 25, 1913: Both Sides Are Ready for Trial of Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 25, 1913: Reported Hoke Smith May Aid Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

June 25, 1913: Trial of Leo Frank Postponed by Judge (Atlanta Constitution)

June 26, 1913: Call of Cool Sea Breezes and Promise of Judge to His Wife (Atlanta Journal)

June 28, 1913: Lanford and Felder Indicted for Libel (Atlanta Constitution)

July 1, 1913: Facts Do Not Indicate Indictment of Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 4, 1913: Lee’s Lawyer Expects Delay in Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 4, 1913: Effort Will Be Made to Free Newt Lee (Atlanta Constitution)

July 5, 1913: Fight for Newt Lee’s Freedom Is Delayed (Atlanta Journal)

July 8, 1913: Frank and Conley May Meet Today (Atlanta Constitution)

July 8, 1913: Newt Lee’s Attorneys Seeking His Freedom (Atlanta Journal)

July 9, 1913: Mary Phagan Pay Envelope Found: Mystery’s Lost Link Is Found Near Where Conley Says He Sat (Atlanta Journal)

July 10, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Pay Envelope is Found (Atlanta Constitution)

July 10, 1913: No Finger Prints Found by Experts on Phagan Envelope (Atlanta Journal)

July 11, 1913: Jim Conley Not Right Man, Says Mincey (Atlanta Constitution)

July 11, 1913: Agent Claims Conley Confessed to Murder (Atlanta Journal)

July 11, 1913: New Phagan Murder Tale (New York Times)

July 12, 1913: Conley Again Quizzed by Prosecutor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

July 12, 1913: More Affidavits to Support Mincey’s Claim (Atlanta Journal)

July 13, 1913: Detective Harry Scott’s Hunch- Thrilling Story of How it Secured James Conley’s Confession (Atlanta Constitution)

July 15, 1913: Mincey Affidavit Not New to the Solicitor (Atlanta Journal)

July 16, 1913: Second Phagan Indictment Probable: Conley Negro May Be Indicted over Dorsey’s Protest (Atlanta Journal)

July 17, 1913: Effort Being Made to Indict Negro Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 18, 1913: Grand Jury Called to Take up Matter over Dorsey’s Head (Atlanta Journal)

July 18, 1913: Many Rumors Afloat Regarding Grand Jury (Atlanta Constitution)

July 18, 1913: Pinkertons Now Declare Leo M. Frank Is Innocent: Grand Jury Is Called Monday to Indict Jim Conley: Noted Sleuths Who Had Accused Frank Now Change Theory (Atlanta Journal)

July 19, 1913: Grand Jury Meets to Indict Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

July 19, 1913: Jury Is Determined to Consider a Bill Against Jim Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 19, 1913: Scott Believes Conley Innocent, Asserts Lanford (Atlanta Constitution)

July 20, 1913: Dorsey Is Seeking to Be Grand Jury and Solicitor Too, Says Frank’s Counsel; Solicitor Scored for His Attitude in Conley’s Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 20, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Score Dorsey for His Stand (Atlanta Constitution)

July 20, 1913: Grim Justice Pursues Mary Phagan’s Slayer (Atlanta Constitution)

July 21, 1913: Will Not Indict Jim Conley Now, Jury’s Decision (Atlanta Journal)

July 22, 1913: Was Mary Phagan Killed With Bludgeon?: Bloody Stick Now in Possession of Frank’s Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

July 23, 1913: Bloody Club Lends New Clue to Mystery (Atlanta Constitution)

July 23, 1913: Fight Expected Over Effort to Defer Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 23, 1913: Give Right of Way to Case of Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

July 24, 1913: Conley and Lee Meet in Tower (Atlanta Constitution)

July 24, 1913: Frank’s Trial May Be Postponed until Early in the Fall (Atlanta Journal)

July 25, 1913: Frank Will Likely Face Trial Monday for Phagan Crime (Atlanta Journal)

July 25, 1913: Venireman Drawn for Frank Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

July 26, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Ready for Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

July 26, 1913: Leo Frank Expects Acquittal and Asks an Immediate Trial (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: All in Readiness for Frank’s Trial Monday Morning (Atlanta Constitution)

July 27, 1913: Chronological Story of Developments in the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: How Detectives Trailed Clues in Phagan Murder Case (Atlanta Constitution)

July 27, 1913: Leo M. Frank Will Go to Trial Monday, It Is Now Believed (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: Phagan Trial Will Be Great Legal Battle (Atlanta Constitution)

July 27, 1913: Scott is Summoned by Frank’s Lawyer (Atlanta Constitution)

July 27, 1913: State Will Build Case Against Frank Around Conley Story; Defense Will Undertake to Show That Negro Alone Is Guilty (Atlanta Journal)

July 28, 1913: Court Scenes at Frank Trial: How It Looks Inside and Out (Atlanta Journal)

July 28, 1913: Jurors in Leo M. Frank Case Must Answer Four Questions (Atlanta Constitution)

July 28, 1913: Leo Frank’s Trial on Murder Charge Booked for Today (Atlanta Constitution)

July 28, 1913: State Opens Its Case Against Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: After Rosser’s Fierce Grilling All Negro, Newt Lee, Asked for Was Chew of “‘Bacca — Any Kind” (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Frank Trial Will Last One Week and Probably Two, Attorneys Say (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Lawyers Hammer Lee for Two Hours at Monday Afternoon Session (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Mother’s Sorrow and Newsie’s Wit Play on Emotions at Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Numerous Witnesses Called in Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Questions Directed at Negro Indicated an Effort to Throw Suspicion on Watchman (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Trial of Leo M. Frank on Charge of Murder Begins, Mrs. Coleman, George Epps and Newt Lee on Stand (Atlanta Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Unusual Interest Centers in Mrs. Frank’s Appearance (Atlanta Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Will Leo Frank’s Lawyers Put Any Evidence Before the Jury? (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Defense to Claim Strands of Hair Found Were Not Mary Phagan’s: Grace Hix Testifies That Girls Frequently Combed Their Hair Over Machines (Atlanta Journal)

July 30, 1913: Lee, Dull and Ignorant, Calm Under Cross Fire (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Members of Mary Phagan’s Family who are Attending Frank Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Mother and Daughter in Tears as Clothing of Mary Phagan is Exhibited in Courtroom (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Sergeant Dobbs Resumes Stand at Tuesday Afternoon Session (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: The Defense Center of the Trial of Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Three Witnesses Describe Finding Mary Phagan’s Body (Atlanta Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Trial Thus Far Has Only Established Murder of the Girl (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Bearing of Black and Lee Forms a Study in Contrast (Atlanta Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Daintily Dressed Girl Tells of Daily Routine of Factory (Atlanta Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Defense Riddles John Black’s Testimony (Atlanta Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Detective Black Muddled by Keen Cross Examination of Attorneys for Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Gantt, Once Phagan Suspect, On Stand Wednesday Afternoon (Atlanta Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Machinist Tells of Finding Blood, Hair and Pay Envelope on Second Floor, Where State Claims Girl Was Murdered: Blood Spots and Hair Found on Day Following Discovery Crime Had Been Committed (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Rosser Riddles One of the State’s Chief Witnesses (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Witnesses of Frank Trial Have Tedious Job of Merely Waiting (Atlanta Journal)

August 1, 1913: Acquitted in the Same Court, She Believes Frank is Innocent (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Attorneys for Both Sides Riled by Scott’s Testimony; Replies Cause Lively Tilts (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Finding of Hair and Envelope Described by Machinist (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Frank’s Presence in Office at the Time He Says He Was There Is Denied by Girl on Stand (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Haslett Describes Visit to Home of Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Holloway Denies Affidavit He Signed for Solicitor (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Lawyers Battle Over Testimony of Frank’s Nervousness; Witness Swears Negro Was in Factory about 1 O’clock  (Atlanta Journal)

August 1, 1913: Leo Frank Innocent, Says Mrs. Appelbaum (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Spots Were Large as Fan, Declares Woman Who Saw Them (Atlanta Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Watchman Swears Elevator Was Open; Changes Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 1, 1913: William Gheesling, Embalmer, Tells of Wounds on Girl’s Body (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Defense Claims Members of Jury Saw Newspaper Headline; Dr. J. W. Hurt, Coroner’s Physician, Gives Expert Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 2, 1913: Dr. Harris Collapses on Stand as He Gives Sensational Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 2, 1913: Frequent and Angry Clashes Between Attorneys Mark the Hearing of Darley’s Testimony (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Humor Pathos Tragedy (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Mary Phagan Murdered Within Hour After Dinner (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Negro Lurking in Factory Seen by Wife of Employee (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Startling Statements Made During Testimony of Dr. Harris (Atlanta Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Stenographer Parry Identifies Notes Take at Phagan Inquest (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Condition of Girl’s Body Described by Dr. J. W. Hurt (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Defense Will Introduce Many Witnesses; Frank Trial Will Run into Third Week; Defense Will Begin Testimony Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

August 3, 1913: Defense Will Use Many Witnesses (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Fixing Hour of Girl’s Death Through Aid of Modern Science the Prosecution’s Greatest Aid (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Girl Asked for Mary Phagan’s Pay but was Refused by Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Resume of Week’s Evidence Shows Little Progress Made (Atlanta Constitution)

August 3, 1913: State’s Case Against Frank as It Stands After Week’s Testimony Is Shown Here (Atlanta Journal)

August 3, 1913: Conley’s Glibness May Prove Unfortunate for His Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 4, 1913: Frank on Stand Wednesday Week (Atlanta Constitution)

August 4, 1913: Jim Conley Tells an Amazing Story; Many New and Sensational Features Added to Tale as Originally Given to Police (Atlanta Journal)

August 4, 1913: Leo Frank’s Trial is Attracting Universal Interest in Georgia (Atlanta Constitution)

August 4, 1913: Many Discrepancies Between Conley’s Testimony and His Testimony Given to Detectives (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Amazing Testimony of Conley Marks Crucial Point of Trial, Says Frank Admitted Crime (Atlanta Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Conley Grilled Five Hours by Luther Rosser (Atlanta Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Defense Moves to Strike Most Damaging Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Gheesling Furnishes His Formula to Jury (Atlanta Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Lawyers on Both Sides Satisfied with Conley (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Negro Sweeper Remanded to Solitude in Jail Over Night (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Says Employer Slew Girl (New York Times)

August 6, 1913: Judge Roan Reverses Decision on Conley Testimony: Conley’s Whole Testimony Will Be Allowed to Stay in Record of Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

August 6, 1913: Judge Roan Rules Out Most Damaging Testimony Given by Conley Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 6, 1913: Mincey Affidavit is Denied (Atlanta Constitution)

August 6, 1913: Women Are Playing Big Part in Trial of Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Dr. Harris’ Testimony Is Attacked by Defense Expert: State Finishes Testimony and Dr. Leroy Childs Begins Expert Evidence for Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 7, 1913: Judge Roan Decides Conley’s Testimony Must Stand (Atlanta Journal)

August 7, 1913: Mary Phagan was Strangled, Declares Dr. H. F. Harris (Atlanta Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Judge’s Decision Admits Conley Testimony in Full (Atlanta Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Spontaneous Applause Greets Dorsey’s Victory (Atlanta Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Unable to Shake Conley’s Story Rosser Ends Cross-Examination (Atlanta Constitution)

August 8, 1913: Defense Attacks State’s Case from Many Angles; Motorman and Conductor Say Newsboy Epps Was Not on Car That Brought Mary to City (Atlanta Journal)

August 8, 1913: Defense Begins Introduction of Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 8, 1913: Dorsey Forces Childs to Admit Certain Portions of His Testimony Could not be Considered Expert (Atlanta Constitution)

August 8, 1913: Rosser Swears Bludgeon Was Not in Factory Day After the Murder (Atlanta Constitution)

August 8, 1913: Will Defense Put Character of Leo Frank Before Jury? (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Conductor Also Swears Epps Boy was not on Car with Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Defense Will Seek to Show That Mary Phagan’s Body Was Tossed Down a Chute in Rear of Pencil Factory and Not Taken Down by Elevator as the State Insists (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Epps Boy not with Mary Phagan, Declares Street Car Motorman (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Hopkins Woman Denies Charges Made by Dalton and Jim Conley; is Forced to Admit Untruths (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Model of Factory Attacked by Solicitor (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: N. V. Darley Denies Testimony Given by Conley and Dalton (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Schiff Refutes Jim Conley and Dalton: Witness in Midst of Dorsey’s Grilling When Court Adjourns until Nine O’clock Monday (Atlanta Journal)

August 9, 1913: She Denies Charges Made by Dalton and by Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

August 9, 1913: State Confronts Watchman Holloway with Previous Affidavit (Atlanta Journal)

August 10, 1913: Conley’s Story Is Still Center of Fight in Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

August 10, 1913: Defense Will Renew Attack Upon Dr. Harris’ Testimony (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Epps Boy Denies Trying to Avoid Being Called to the Stand Again (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Playing Practical Jokes on Watchful Bailiffs Is Pastime of Frank Jurors (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Reporter Makes Denial of Charge that Reports have been Flavored (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Schiff Put on Stand to Refute Conley and Dalton Testimony (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Schiff Testimony Contradicts That Given by Dalton and Negro Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Startling Testimony of Conley Feature of Trial’s Second Week (Atlanta Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Witness Found Who Saw Phagan on Way to Factory (Atlanta Journal)

August 11, 1913: Many Experts Called by Defense to Answer Dr. H. F. Harris: Dr. George Bachman Gives Testimony to Show Harris Simply Hazarded a Guess (Atlanta Journal)

August 11, 1913: Murder Evidence May Be Concluded by Next Saturday (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1913: As the Very Wildest of Guessing Dr. Westmoreland Characterizes Testimony Given by Dr. Harris (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1913: C. B. Dalton’s Character Shown up by Frank’s Defense; Four Witnesses Swear They Would Not Believe His Oath: Dalton Admits He Served a Chaingang Sentence for Theft of a “Shop Hammer” (Atlanta Journal)

August 12, 1913: Defense Has the Best Day Since Trial of Frank Began (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Ethics of Dr. H. F. Harris Bitterly Attacked by Reuben Arnold (Atlanta Journal)

August 12, 1913: Expert Flatly Contradicts the Testimony of Dr. Harris (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Frank’s Financial Sheet Would Take 3 Hours Work to Finish (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Schiff Admits he Kept Conley Knowing he was Worthless (Atlanta Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Campbell Told by Mrs. White of Negro Lurking in Factory (Atlanta Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Dalton Recalled by Defense, Admits Having Served on Gang (Atlanta Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Frank’s Character Made Issue by the Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 13, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Again Threaten Move for Mistrial (Atlanta Journal)

August 13, 1913: Many Witnesses Take the Stand to Refute Points of Prosecution (Atlanta Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Testimony of Helen Ferguson Refuted by Magnolia Kennedy (Atlanta Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Women on Stand Deny Statements Made About Them by Dalton (Atlanta Constitution)

August 14, 1913: Court Stirred by Outburst from Leo Frank’s Mother (Atlanta Journal)

August 14, 1913:  Frank’s Story of Before and After the Crime Corroborated; Defense’s Motion to Strike Sensational Questions Fails (Atlanta Journal)

August 14, 1913: Lively Tilts Mark the Hearing of Testimony of Dr. Kendrick (Atlanta Constitution)

August 14, 1913: Quinn Intimates that Spots May Have Been on Floor for Months (Atlanta Constitution)

August 14, 1913: Surprise Sprung by Introduction of Character Witnesses by Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

August 15, 1913: All Georgia Records Broken by the Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

August 15, 1913: Character of Frank Good, So Many Witnesses Declare (Atlanta Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Frank Not Nervous on Night of Murder, Says Mrs. Ursenbach (Atlanta Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Lawyers Appear Very Interested in Raincoat Lent to Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Leo M. Frank Ready to Tell His Own Story to Jury (Atlanta Journal)

August 15, 1913: Many Men Swear to Good Character of Superintendent of Pencil Factory (Atlanta Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Mother-in-Law of Frank Denies Charges in Cook’s Affidavit (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Dorsey Questions Witness about Alleged Fund for Frank’s Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Leo Frank Innocent, Said Conley, According to a Girl Operator (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Miss Mary Perk Tells Jurymen She Believes Conley is Guilty (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Mother of Frank Takes Stand to Identify Letter Son Wrote (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Mrs. Rae Frank Goes on Stand in Defense of Her Son (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Mrs. Rae Frank Takes Stand in Son’s Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 16, 1913: Pencil Factory Model Is Damaged in Fight (Atlanta Journal)

August 16, 1913: Still Another Office Boy Swears He Never Saw Women With Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Witness, Called by the Defense, Testifies Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 17, 1913: Frank Should Know Fate Before the Week Passes Is Opinion of Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

August 17, 1913: Frank to Tell His Own Story Monday Afternoon to Jury Which Will Decide His Fate (Atlanta Constitution)

August 17, 1913: Prisoners’ Mother Questioned as to Wealth of Frank Family (Atlanta Constitution)

August 17, 1913: Summary of Frank Evidence at End of the Third Week (Atlanta Journal)

August 17, 1913: That Pinkertons Double-Crossed Police, Dorsey Tries to Prove (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1913: Dies Dreaming of Little Phagan Girl (Atlanta Journal)

August 18, 1913: Frank May Tell Story to Jury on Stand Today (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1913: Frank Takes Stand — Tells His Story (Atlanta Journal)

August 18, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Grandmother Dies After Dreaming Girl was Living (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1913: Men on Frank Jury Must Be Some Mighty Good Husbands Asserts the Deputy in Charge (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Attorney Swears That Witness Was Held Illegally (Atlanta Journal)

August 19, 1913: Books and Papers Put in Evidence by the Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Climax of Trial Reached When Frank Faced Jury (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Frank Ends Statement After Testifying Four Hours (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Frank Innocent Says Man Who Claims to Be Murder Witness (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Frank’s Character Is Testified by a Long List of Girls (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Harlee Branch Tells of Conley Pantomime (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Here Is Frank’s Story Word for Word as Told to a Jury of His Peers (Atlanta Journal)

August 19, 1913: Mrs. Wardlaw Denies Ever Seeing Frank on Car with Little Girl (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Clashes Between Lawyers Make Effort to Impeach Negro Cook (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Denies He Said He Was Willing to Lead Party to Lynch Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Dr. Clarence Johnson is Called to Corroborate Dr. Roy Harris (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Saw Mary Phagan on Her Way to Pencil Factory, Says McCoy (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Sideboard in Leo Frank’s Home Moved, Asserts Husband of Cook (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: State is Hard Hit by Judge’s Ruling Barring Evidence Attacking Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: State Suffers a Severe Blow When Testimony Is Rule Out (Atlanta Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Testimony May Close Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

August 20, 1913: Two Men Saw Mary Phagan on Way to Factory on April 26 (Atlanta Journal)

August 20, 1913: Witness Swears He Saw Frank Forcing Unwelcome Attentions Upon the Little Phagan Girl (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Arnold Charges Giant Frame-Up to Convict Frank: Not Enough Evidence to Warrant Trial, Asserts Attorney (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Both Sides Concluded Their Cases Wednesday Afternoon (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Frank Hooper Opens Argument in Leo Frank Case This Morning (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Frank’s Character Bad Declare Many Women and Girls on Stand (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Girls Testify to Seeing Frank Enter Dressing Room With Woman (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Girls Testify to Seeing Frank Talking to Little Mary Phagan With His Hands on Her Person (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Hooper Says Conley’s Story Stood Test of Grilling (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Leo Frank Takes Stand Again Despite Objection of Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Railway Employee Swears Car Reached Center of City at 12:03 (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Starnes Tells How Affidavit from Negro Cook was Secured (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Swears that Frank Prepared Sheets in Less Than 2 Hours (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Testimony of Dr. Harris Upheld by Noted Stomach Specialists (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Testimony of Hollis Assailed by Witness (Atlanta Constitution)

August 22, 1913: Arnold Ridicules Plot Alleged by Prosecution and Attacks the Methods Used by Detective (Atlanta Constitution)

August 22, 1913: Atlanta Murder Case to Jury Today (New York Times)

August 22, 1913: Chronological Table of Frank’s Actions on Day of Murder (Atlanta Constitution)

August 22, 1913: Frank Case May Go to Jury Late This Afternoon (Atlanta Constitution)

August 22, 1913: In Dramatic Phrases, Hooper Outlines Events Leading Up to and Following Death of Girl (Atlanta Constitution)

August 22, 1913: In Scathing Terms Rosser Scores Dalton, Dorsey, Police; Dorsey Will Conclude, Summing Up Case Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 22, 1913: “Prejudice and Perjury Constitute the State’s Case” (Atlanta Journal)

August 23, 1913: Dorsey’s Brilliant Address Attacking Leo Frank is Stopped by Adjournment of Court Friday (Atlanta Constitution)

August 23, 1913: Frank Trial Adjourned Until Monday Morning With Solicitor Hugh Dorsey in Midst of Impassioned Speech (Atlanta Journal)

August 23, 1913: Rosser Makes Great Speech for the Defense; Scores Detectives and Criticizes the Solicitor (Atlanta Constitution)

August 23, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Says Circumstantial Evidence Is the Best; Luther Rosser Says Last Word in Behalf of Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: Frank’s Fate Will Soon Be Known (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: High Lights of Dorsey’s Speech (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: How Frank Is Regarded by His Own and the State’s Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: Many Records Are Badly Broken by State’s Most Expensive Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

August 24, 1913: Solicitor Reasserts His Conviction of Bad Character and Guilt of Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

August 25, 1913: Judge Roan Charges Jury That They Are Sole Judges of Witnesses’ Credibility (Atlanta Journal)

August 25, 1913: Leo Frank’s Fate May be Decided by Monday Night (Atlanta Constitution)

August 25, 1913: Leo M. Frank’s Fate Is Now in Hands of the Jury; Motion for Mistrial Is Denied by Judge L. S. Roan (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Convicted, Asserts Innocence (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Hang on October 10 (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Hang on October 10, But Fight for New Trial Will Stay the Execution for Many Months (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Trial Cost County of Fulton Nearly $6,000; Jurors Got Only $2 a Day (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Glad and Relieved Trial is Over; No Doubt of Leo Frank’s Guilt (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Guilty, Declares Jury (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Here Is the Chronological Order of Final Day of Frank’s Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Leo Frank Received Fair Trial, Declares Chief Newport Lanford (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Mary Phagan, the Victim (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1913: New Trial Motion for Leo M. Frank Set for October 4 (Atlanta Journal)

August 27, 1913: Frank Sentenced on Murder Charge; to Hang Oct. 10 (Atlanta Constitution)

August 27, 1913: Frank Sentence to Die (New York Times)

August 27, 1913: Frank Will Reply to Dorsey in Long Public Statement (Atlanta Journal)

August 27, 1913: Hugh Dorsey’s Great Speech Feature of the Frank Trial (Atlanta Constitution)

August 28, 1913: Cell of Leo M. Frank Now Like Living Room (Atlanta Constitution)

August 29, 1913: Leo M. Frank to Make No Public Statement (Atlanta Constitution)

August 31, 1913: Graduates of Cornell Will Aid Leo M. Frank in Fight for Life (Atlanta Constitution)

September 4, 1913: Frank Trial Bills are Ordered Paid (Atlanta Constitution)

September 9, 1913: Will Rear Monument to Little Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

September 10, 1913: Jim Conley Indicted by Jury on Tuesday (Atlanta Constitution)

September 24, 1913: Leo Frank Again Made President of B’nai B’rith (Atlanta Constitution)

September 26, 1913: Did Not Discuss Guilt of Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

September 28, 1913: Grief of Mrs. Coleman is a Pitiful Sight (Atlanta Constitution)

September 30, 1913: Speculation Is Rife as to Who’ll Hear Frank’s Motion (Atlanta Constitution)

October 3, 1913: May Use Jurors to Deny Charges (Atlanta Constitution)

October 5, 1913: A. H. Henslee May Establish Alibi (Atlanta Constitution)

October 6, 1913: Sparta Citizens Insist Henslee was Prejudiced (Atlanta Constitution)

October 7, 1913: Henslee Answers Sparta Citizens (Atlanta Constitution)

October 14, 1913: Dorsey Expected Back in Atlanta Wednesday (Atlanta Constitution)

October 16, 1913: Dorsey Will Request Postponement Again (Atlanta Constitution)

October 18, 1913: Criminal Court Will Convene Monday Week (Atlanta Constitution)

October 20, 1913: Bodeker Keeps Counsel (Atlanta Constitution)

October 20, 1913: Locked Doors Guard Witness Who Declares Frank Innocent; Detectives Keep All Night Vigil in Order to Arrest Him (Atlanta Constitution)

October 20, 1913: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 21, 1913: J. C. Shirley Ready to Account for Movements on Murder Day (Atlanta Constitution)

October 21, 1913: Murder Witness Arrested on Libel Charge (Atlanta Constitution)

October 24, 1913: Now Accuse Fisher of Old Murder (New York Times)

October 24, 1913: Proof of Charges Will Mean a New Trial, Says Court (Atlanta Constitution)

October 25, 1913: Jury Loaned Ears to Ravings of Mob, Says Rube Arnold (Atlanta Constitution)

October 27, 1913: Arnold to Resume His Speech Today (Atlanta Constitution)

October 27, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Die (New York Times)

October 28, 1913: Frank ‘Convicted by Mob’ (New York Times)

October 30, 1913: Retrial Hearing for Leo M. Frank Comes to Close (Atlanta Constitution)

November 1, 1913: Frank’s Judge in Doubt (New York Times)

November 2, 1913: Leo Frank Appeals to Supreme Court (Atlanta Constitution)

November 6, 1913: Dorsey Spent $1145.39 in the Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

November 6, 1913: The Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

November 14, 1913: Trial of Jim Conley Postponed to Monday (Atlanta Constitution)

November 26, 1913: Conley Will be Tried During January Term (Atlanta Constitution)

December 7, 1913: Frank Case Will be Argued Dec. 15 (Atlanta Constitution)

December 17, 1913: Frank Seeks New Trial (New York Times)

December 17, 1913: Leo Frank’s Fate Now Rests With High Tribunal (Atlanta Constitution)

December 25, 1913: Laboring Folk of Griffin Send Dorsey X-mas Present (Atlanta Constitution)

1914, Atlanta, Georgia

January 1, 1914: Good Luck Marked 1913 Giving Knockout Blow to Prophets of Disaster (Atlanta Constitution)

January 1, 1914: Gunman and Thug Busy During Year 1913 (Atlanta Constitution)

January 5, 1914: Case Against Fisher is Set for Wednesday (Atlanta Constitution)

January 8, 1914: Frank Attorneys File Supplemental Brief (Atlanta Constitution)

January 9, 1914: Fisher Freed on Murder Charge (Atlanta Constitution)

January 15, 1914: Dorsey Will Not Reply to Latest Frank Brief (Atlanta Constitution)

February 1, 1914: Court Takes Recess, Case of Jim Conley is Set for February 23, 1914 (Atlanta Constitution)

February 18, 1914: Leo M. Frank Has Not Lost All Hope; Counsel Will Make Vigorous Fight to Save the Life of Their Client (Atlanta Constitution)

February 18, 1914: Split Court Denies New Trial to Frank (New York Times)

February 19, 1914: Counsel for Frank to Ask a Rehearing by Supreme Court (Atlanta Constitution)

February 19, 1914: W. J. Burns to Sift the Frank Mystery (New York Times)

February 21, 1914: Evidence for Frank Hidden, Say Counsel (New York Times)

February 21, 1914: Jim Conley Case to Come to Trial Week From Today (Atlanta Constitution)

February 22, 1914: Solicitor Dorsey Scorched in Card by Frank Counsel (Atlanta Constitution)

February 23, 1914: Mrs. Nina Formby Makes Affidavit to Assist Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

February 23, 1914: Negro on Trial in Frank Case (New York Times)

February 23, 1914: Retracts Evidence that Doomed Frank (New York Times)

February 24, 1914: All-Night Search to Find M’Knight Meets No Success (Atlanta Constitution)

February 25, 1914: Appeal for Frank in Murder Case (New York Times)

February 25, 1914: Conley Convicted, Gets Year on Gang (Atlanta Constitution)

February 26, 1914: Georgia Supreme Court Denies Rehearing — Other Appeals Planned (New York Times)

February 26, 1914: Plied With Whisky She Lied in Story Told About Frank Says Mrs. Formby (Atlanta Constitution)

February 26, 1914: Woman Admits She Lied about Frank (New York Times)

February 27, 1914: Atlanta Stirred by Mrs. Formby’s Story (New York Times)

February 27, 1914: Becker Trial Was Parallel to Mine; Leo Frank Writes the Constitution (Atlanta Constitution)

February 27, 1914: Detectives Scored in Alleged Formby Confession (Atlanta Constitution)

February 28, 1914: Appeal for Frank Delayed by Hope of New Evidence (Atlanta Constitution)

February 28, 1914: Mrs. Frank’s Appeal: Says Her Cook Was Forced into False Oath Like Mrs. Formby (New York Times)

March 1, 1914: Helen Ferguson Tells Defense in Affidavit of Advance by Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

March 1, 1914: Mrs. Frank Pleads for Simple Justice (New York Times)

March 2, 1914: Frank Convicted by Public Clamor (New York Times)

March 3, 1914: Burns Takes a Hand in Frank’s Behalf (New York Times)

March 4, 1914: Luther Z. Rosser Holds Conference in New York Over Leo Frank’s Case (Atlanta Constitution)

March 4, 1914: Move Resentence of Frank To-day (New York Times)

March 5, 1914: Geo. Epps Brands as a Falsehood Story of His Son in Affidavit (Atlanta Constitution)

March 5, 1914: Lied Against Frank, a News Boy Swears (New York Times)

March 5, 1914: Replies to Attorney Rosser (New York Times)

March 6, 1914: Affidavit Verified by Mrs. Ethel Miller (Atlanta Constitution)

March 6, 1914: Frank Alibi Upheld by New Witnesses (New York Times)

March 6, 1914: Frank’s Time Alibi Gets New Support in Two Affidavits Given the Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

March 7, 1914: Frank Confident of a New Trial (New York Times)

March 7, 1914: No Clemency Plea Planned for Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

March 8, 1914: Frank Resentenced, Says He’s Innocent (New York Times)

March 8, 1914: New Developments in Case of Frank Come With a Rush of Resentence (Atlanta Constitution)

March 8, 1914: Rosser Defends Interview (New York Times)

March 8, 1914: Rosser Defends Interview Answering Georgia Chamber (Atlanta Constitution)

March 9, 1914: Lawyers for Frank Busy Preparing Their Evidence for Extraordinary Motion (Atlanta Constitution)

March 9, 1914: Frank May Be Saved by Telltale Notes (New York Times)

March 9, 1914: Frank’s Detailed Answers: Prisoner Clears Up Some Vital Points in His Case (New York Times)

Leo Frank’s 4th Murder Confession March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution (Read Between the Lines)

March 9, 1914: Leo Frank Answers List of Questions Bearing on Points Made Against Him (Atlanta Constitution)

To understand Leo Frank murder confession #4 in context, one must first learn about Leo Frank murder confession #3 first by studying State’s Exhibit B, Monteen Stover’s testimony and Leo Frank’s testimony response to Monteen Stover about an “unconscious” bathroom visit at the trial.

March 10, 1914: Base Frank’s Hope on Murder Notes (New York Times)

March 10, 1914: Frank Will Use Address by Taft (Atlanta Constitution)

March 10, 1914: Topics of the Times: Blindness Hard to Understand (New York Times)

March 11, 1914: Burns to Return by Next Friday and Make Report (Atlanta Constitution)

March 11, 1914: Justice Asked Now for Frank in Atlanta (New York Times)

March 12, 1914: Hope to Save Frank by New Confession (New York Times)

March 12, 1914: Smith to Protect Conley from Grill by William Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

March 13, 1914: Frank Case Yields New Bribe Charge (New York Times)

March 14, 1914: $1000 Bribe Offer to Implicate Frank (New York Times)

March 14, 1914: Evidence for Frank Ignored, She Says (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Atlanta and the Frank Case (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Frank Asks Six Questions (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Leo M. Frank, An Innocent Man, May Suffer a Disgraceful Death for Another’s Crime (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: M’Knight Badly Injured Trying to Slip Into City Unnoticed by Detectives (Atlanta Constitution)

March 15, 1914: Prisoner in Tower Asks Public for Answers to These Questions (Atlanta Constitution)

March 16, 1914: Calls Frank’s Trial ‘Mockery of Justice’ (New York Times)

March 16, 1914: Frank No Pervert, States W. J. Burns on Reaching City (Atlanta Constitution)

March 16, 1914: From Pulpits Comes Call for New Trial For Frank; Burns Here to Open Probe (Atlanta Constitution)

March 16, 1914: FRANK ANSWERS QUESTIONS; Came from Unfriendly Sources, and His Defenders Are Elated. (New York Times)

March 16, 1914: Pastors Demand Retrial for Frank (New York Times)

March 17, 1914: Frank Ex-Employe Identifies Blank (New York Times)

March 17, 1914: W. J. Burns Confident (New York Times)

March 18, 1914: Becker Will Come to Leo Frank’s Aid if Defense Calls (Atlanta Constitution)

March 18, 1914: Burns Confers With Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

March 19, 1914: Burns Says He Can Solve Frank Case (New York Times)

March 19, 1914: Smith to Thwart Secret Attempt to Grill Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

March 19, 1914: The Frank Case: When and Where Shall Rich Criminals Be Tried? (Jeffersonian)

March 20, 1914: Crime in Factory Foulest He Ever Knew Says Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

March 20, 1914: Frank Case Easy, Burns Asserts (New York Times)

March 21, 1914: Detective Burns Given Hot Roast by Will M. Smith (Atlanta Constitution)

March 21, 1914: Murder Trial Now Clearer — Burns (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: Burns to Extend Frank Case Inquiry (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: More Pastors Urge Retrial for Frank (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: Same Clamor Heard in Georgia as in Russia, Says Rabbi (New York Times)

March 23, 1914: Detective Burns Goes to New York to Hunt Evidence (Atlanta Constitution)

March 23, 1914: New Frank Trial Urged by Pastor (Atlanta Constitution)

March 24, 1914: To Hasten Motion to Re-try Frank (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Article 07: No Title (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Promises Surprise in the Frank Case (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Smith is Giving His Service Free to James Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

March 26, 1914: Clue in Frank Case Brings Burns Here (New York Times)

March 26, 1914: Jane Addams Aids Frank (New York Times)

March 26, 1914: Probe Telegrams Sent From Newark (Atlanta Constitution)

March 27, 1914: Investigation Here Will Aid Frank (New York Times)

March 28, 1914: Points to Conley as Girl’s Slayer (New York Times)

March 30, 1914: B’nai B’rith Delegate Lauds Atlanta Spirit, Discusses Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

March 30, 1914: Welcome Given to B’nai B’rith (Atlanta Constitution)

March 30, 1914: Witness for Frank Sought in Chicago (Atlanta Constitution)

March 31, 1914: Conley is Anxious to Face Accusers (Atlanta Constitution)

March 31, 1914: Funeral Notices (Atlanta Constitution)

April 1, 1914: Favors New Frank Trial (New York Times)

April 2, 1914: The Courts and the Frank Case (New York Times)

April 2, 1914: What Some of the Jeffersonian Readers Think of “The Frank Case” (Jeffersonian)

April 2, 1914: Will Show Employers Necessity of Militia (Atlanta Constitution)

April 2, 1914: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

April 4, 1914: Burns says Frank Will Not Hang (New York Times)

April 5, 1914: Burns Will Seek Talk With Conley Early This Week (Atlanta Constitution)

April 6, 1914: Burns Completes His Frank Report (New York Times)

April 7, 1914: More Affidavits for Frank Motion (Atlanta Constitution)

April 8, 1914: Did Stover Girl go to Factory? (Atlanta Constitution)

April 8, 1914: Frank Under Test by Specialists (New York Times)

April 8, 1914: New Frank Clues Point to Conley (New York Times)

April 9, 1914: Burns and Dorsey Hold Conference (Atlanta Constitution)

April 9, 1914: The Leo Frank Case. Does the State of Georgia Deserve This Nation-Wide Abuse? (Jeffersonian)

April 10, 1914: Interest Centered in Report of Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

April 11, 1914: New Evidence Against Jim Conley Reported (Atlanta Constitution)

April 12, 1914: Frank Case $1000 Reward (New York Times)

April 12, 1914: Reward of $1,000 Offered by Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

April 13, 1914: Burns Expected to Return Soon (Atlanta Constitution)

April 14, 1914: Frank’s Mother Has Confidence (New York Times)

April 15, 1914: May Amend Frank Motion (New York Times)

April 15, 1914: State May Oppose Plans of the Defense (Atlanta Constitution)

April 16, 1914: Frank Wins a Stay; May Annul Verdict (New York Times)

April 16, 1914: Frank’s New Plea to be Filed Today (New York Times)

April 16, 1914: Leo Frank’s Fight to Get New Trial Will Begin Today (Atlanta Constitution)

April 16, 1914: Letters from the People: The Frank Case and the Beattie Case (Jeffersonian)

April 17, 1914: Way is Paved to Take Case of Leo M. Frank Before Federal Court (Atlanta Constitution)

April 18, 1914: Think Frank’s Plea Will Win New Trial (New York Times)

April 19, 1914: Atlantans Favor New Frank Trial (New York Times)

April 19, 1914: Testimony He Gave at Trial Was True, Declares M’Knight (Atlanta Constitution)

April 20, 1914: Burns Expected to Return Today (Atlanta Constitution)

April 20, 1914: Frank Witness Recants (New York Times)

April 21, 1914: Grand Jury to Act on Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

April 22, 1914: Dorsey and Burns Have Warm Words (Atlanta Constitution)

April 22, 1914: Frank Is Innocent, Burns Now States (New York Times)

April 22, 1914: Lanford Declines to Show Affidavits (Atlanta Constitution)

April 23, 1914: Burns Says Conley Killed Phagan Girl (New York Times)

April 23, 1914: Conley is Guilty, Asserts W. J. Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

April 23, 1914: How Much Longer Will the People of Atlanta Endure the Lawless Doings of William J. Burns? (Jeffersonian)

April 24, 1914: Battle for Life of Leo M. Frank Begins in Court (Atlanta Constitution)

April 24, 1914: Evidence Implicating Conley (New York Times)

April 24, 1914: Hold Back Report of Burns on Frank (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Absolve Frank on Immorality Charge (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Editorial Article 01: No Title (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Did Not Confess to Girl’s Murder, Says Jim Conley (Atlanta Constitution)

April 26, 1914: Frank Is Normal, Physicians Report (New York Times)

April 26, 1914: Monday is the Anniversary of Death of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Constitution)

April 26, 1914: Says Love Letters Written by Conley Prove Him Guilty (Atlanta Constitution)

April 27, 1914: Conley Notes Show Guilt, Says Burns (New York Times)

April 27, 1914: Friends Pay Tribute Today in the Cemetery at Marietta to Mary Phagan’s Memory (Atlanta Constitution)

April 27, 1914: Topics of the Times: Intimidated Witnesses Speaking Up (New York Times)

April 28, 1914: Friends Pay Tribute to Memory of Girl Killed One Year Ago (Atlanta Constitution)

April 28, 1914: Sure Conley Slew Others (New York Times)

April 29, 1914: Frank’s Lawyers Amend Their Plea (New York Times)

April 30, 1914: The Frank Case; the Great Detective; and the Frantic Efforts of Big Money to Protect Crime (Jeffersonian)

May 1, 1914: Horrible Mistake in Case of Frank, States W. J. Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1914: Ragsdale Alleges an Offer of 200 (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: Burns Attacked by Mob (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: Dorsey Attacks Frank Affidavits (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: W. J. Burns and Dan Lehon Summoned by Solicitor Dorsey to the Frank Retrial Hearing (Atlanta Constitution)

May 2, 1914: William J. Burns Driven Out of Marietta (Atlanta Constitution)

May 3, 1914: Burns Hampered, He Tells Court (New York Times)

May 3, 1914: Dorsey Calls C. W. Burke and Other Investigators for Leo Frank to Court (Atlanta Constitution)

May 3, 1914: Retracts Evidence for Frank Defense (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: Frank Affidavits False, Says Dorsey (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: May Call Burns Before Grand Jury (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: Return of Negress Ordered by Judge Monday Morning (Atlanta Constitution)

May 6, 1914: New York Times About Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

May 7, 1914: Frank Plea Fails, Will Take Appeal (New York Times)

May 7, 1914: New Trial Denied Leo Frank; No Argument by Hugh Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

May 7, 1914: William Jackass Burns, at Another Angle: Some Tarnished Lawyers; Some Bought Newspapers; and the Murder of a Little Georgia Girl (Jeffersonian)

May 8, 1914: The Frank Case (New York Times)

May 8, 1914: To Lay Frank Case Before Grand Jury (New York Times)

May 10, 1914: Burns to Answer Contempt Charge (Atlanta Constitution)

May 10, 1914: Burns to Answer Contempt Charge (New York Times)

May 10, 1914: Judge Will Not Give an Opinion (Atlanta Constitution)

May 11, 1914: Burns Unable to Appear (New York Times)

May 12, 1914: Burns Will Meet Charges (New York Times)

May 14, 1914: Leo Frank Hearing Set For Wednesday (Atlanta Constitution)

May 14, 1914: The Frank Case: What Does It Reveal Concerning Conditions in Georgia? (Jeffersonian)

May 16, 1914: Had to Hide Witness (New York Times)

May 16, 1914: Lehon Contempt Trial is Postponed by Hill (Atlanta Constitution)

May 17, 1914: Dorsey Ready to Argue Move to Upset Verdict (Atlanta Constitution)

May 18, 1914: Frank Inquiry Today (New York Times)

May 19, 1914: Assails Frank Detectives (New York Times)

May 19, 1914: Lehon Contempt Trial Up Today (Atlanta Constitution)

May 20, 1914: Atlanta Police Commission Takes Action Against Detective (New York Times)

May 21, 1914: Letters from the People/A Fine Letter on the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

May 24, 1914: Our Record Clean, Asserts Dan Lehon (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1914: Persecuted, Says Lehon (New York Times)

May 25, 1914: Frank Lawyers Fight Back (New York Times)

May 27, 1914: Burns in Contempt (New York Times)

May 28, 1914: Letters from the People/The Frank Case, and Atlanta Newspapers; and Burns (Jeffersonian)

May 29, 1914: Frank Appeal Sent Up (New York Times)

May 30, 1914: Negro Cuts Detective in Effort to Escape (Atlanta Constitution)

June 2, 1914: Next Stage in Frank Case (New York Times)

June 4, 1914: Letters from the People: Yes, Burns Is Getting on the Rotten Egg List Mighty Fast (Jeffersonian)

June 5, 1914: Frank Hearing Today (New York Times)

June 6, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

June 6, 1914: Verdict is Void, Declare Lawyers for Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

June 7, 1914: Another Step in Frank Case Won by State (Atlanta Constitution)

June 7, 1914: Frank Loses Fight to Annul Verdict (New York Times)

June 9, 1914: Only One Fair Course (New York Times)

June 11, 1914: Nobody Wants to Drag the Frank Case into Politics. But – (Jeffersonian)

June 16, 1914: Burns to be Ousted by the Police Chiefs (Atlanta Constitution)

June 16, 1914: Chiefs May Oust Burns (New York Times)

June 18, 1914: Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

June 19, 1914: Burke Indicted for Perjury Subornation (Atlanta Constitution)

June 20, 1914: Dropped by Chiefs, Burns Asks Hearing (New York Times)

June 20, 1914: Burns is Dropped by Police Chiefs (Atlanta Constitution)

June 20, 1914: Resented His Criticisms (New York Times)

June 25, 1914: A. S. Colyar Arrested at Cartersville Home (Atlanta Constitution)

June 25, 1914: Letters from the People/William J. Burns, “The Great Detective” (Jeffersonian)

June 28, 1914: Conley Sentence Stands (New York Times)

June 30, 1914: Knocks and Boosts From the State Press (Atlanta Constitution)

July 7, 1914: Frank Files Exceptions (New York Times)

July 21, 1914: Frank Appeal Hearing (New York Times)

August 6, 1914: The Doleful Downfall of Hugh Dorsey! (Jeffersonian)

October 3, 1914: Frank Not Guilty, Believes Conley’s Lawyer, Plans to Obtain Freedom of Man in Tower (Atlanta Constitution)

October 3, 1914: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: Conley, Not Frank, Called Slayer (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: Smith’s Change Voluntary (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: William Smith Tells Why His Opinion Has Changed as to Guilt of Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

October 5, 1914: Why Smith Believes Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 6, 1914: Will Investigate Frank Case Anew (New York Times)

October 7, 1914: Jury of Writers in Frank Case (New York Times)

October 8, 1914: Analyzes ‘Murder Notes’ (New York Times)

October 8, 1914: The Leo Frank Case Campaign Opens Again!!! (Jeffersonian)

October 9, 1914: Defies Lynching Threats (New York Times)

October 10, 1914: No Attack on Dorsey, Says William M. Smith (Atlanta Constitution)

October 11, 1914: Should Lawyer Betray Client to Save Innocent Man (New York Times)

October 15, 1914: Appeal Made by Leo Frank For New Trial Turned Down by Georgia Supreme Court (Atlanta Constitution)

October 15, 1914: New Trial Denied to Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

October 15, 1914: The Frank Case Brings in Another Horse — A Smaller One than Usual (Jeffersonian)

October 26, 1914: Frank’s Last Fight to Be Begun Today (New York Times)

October 27, 1914: Frank’s Last Stand in Georgia Courts (New York Times)

October 27, 1914: Last Appeal Made for Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

October 29, 1914: The Frank Case and the Innes-Nelms Cases (Jeffersonian)

November 1, 1914: Shots Not for Slaton (New York Times)

November 3, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

November 11, 1914: Frank Case Decision May Be Given Today (Atlanta Constitution)

November 15, 1914: Frank’s Last Hope in Georgia Gone (New York Times)

November 15, 1914: Leo Frank Loses in Supreme Court (Atlanta Constitution)

November 16, 1914: Frank to Appeal to Supreme Court (New York Times)

November 17, 1914: Frank’s Last Hope (New York Times)

November 19, 1914: The Leo Frank Case Again Decided by the Supreme Court (Jeffersonian)

November 20, 1914: Grand Jury is Probing Bond Fraud Cases (Atlanta Constitution)

November 20, 1914: Justice for Leo M. Frank: Letter to the Editor (New York Times)

November 20, 1914: Deny Frank Writ of Error (New York Times)

November 21, 1914: Leo Frank Again Loses Big Point (Atlanta Constitution)

November 22, 1914: Frank Sure Truth Will Yet Be Known (New York Times)

November 22, 1914: Vindication Asked by Leo M. Frank in Card to Public (Atlanta Constitution)

November 24, 1914: Article 11: No Title (New York Times)

November 24, 1914: Frank Case Witness Placed Under Arrest (Atlanta Constitution)

November 24, 1914: Refuses Frank a Writ of Error (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Frank on His Own Case: Letter from Leo Frank (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Is It a Denial of Justice? (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Mind Open on Frank Case (New York Times)

November 26, 1914: Editorial Article 1 (No Title) (New York Times)

November 27, 1914: Justice Holmes’s Opinion (New York Times)

November 27, 1914: Justice to Frank Doubted by Holmes (New York Times)

November 28, 1914: Frank Says Jurors Feared Vengeance (New York Times)

November 28, 1914: Jury Was on Trial, Says Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

November 28, 1914: Last Plea to Supreme Court (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Article 14: No Title (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Retry Leo Frank, Says Rabbi Lyons (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Sample of the Arguments Used to Convict the Prisoner: Letter to the Editor (New York Times)

November 30, 1914: Frank Case Today in Highest Court (New York Times)

November 30, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

December 1, 1914: Frank Appeals to Highest Court (New York Times)

December 1, 1914: The Press on Frank Case (New York Times)

December 2, 1914: Says Frank Verdict was Legal Nullity (New York Times)

December 2, 1914: Topics of the Times: Conditions Were Different (New York Times)

December 3, 1914: Action is Postponed on Frank Remittitur (Atlanta Constitution)

December 3, 1914: Leo Frank, As a Regular Newspaper Contributor (Jeffersonian)

December 4, 1914: Press on Frank Case (New York Times)

December 5, 1914: A Psychologist Mystified (New York Times)

December 5, 1914: Frank Case Remittitur in Hands of the Court (Atlanta Constitution)

December 5, 1914: Topics of the Times: A Psychologist Studies Frank’s Case (New York Times)

December 6, 1914: Atlanta’s Mob Spirit Resident Holds it Responsible for Leo Frank’s Conviction (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Frank Loses Last Chance in Court (Atlanta Constitution)

December 8, 1914: Frank’s Final Plea Fails in High Court (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Frank’s Last Appeal Denied (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Front Page 2: No Title (New York Times)

December 9, 1914: Frank May Again Ask for a Writ (New York Times)

December 9, 1914: Habeas Corpus Writ for Leo Frank Today (Atlanta Constitution)

December 10, 1914: Frank Resentenced, Reassures Innocence (New York Times)

December 10, 1914: Leo Frank Hears Sentence of Death (Atlanta Constitution)

December 11, 1914: Georgians Here Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

December 11, 1914: Judge Hill Suffers Relapse of Illness (Atlanta Constitution)

December 11, 1914: New Plea to Courts Prepared for Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

December 12, 1914: Georgians Urged to Plead for Frank (New York Times)

December 13, 1914: All Urged to Write Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Finds Mob Frenzy Convicted Frank (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Frank Counsel Hopeful (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Plan Hard Fight for Frank’s Life (Atlanta Constitution)

December 15, 1914: Frank Can Appeal Again, Says Lawyer (New York Times)

December 17, 1914: Brooklyn Petition for Frank Pardon (New York Times)

December 17, 1914: Frank Now Seeks Habeas Corpus Writ (New York Times)

December 17, 1914: Leo Frank Sentenced Again: Another Campaign of Big Money Begins: Burns and C. P. Connolly (Jeffersonian)

December 18, 1914: Friend’s Plea for Frank (New York Times)

December 18, 1914: Leo Frank Opens New Court Fight (Atlanta Constitution)

December 19, 1914: Frank’s Moral Energy: Can He Write His Own Speeches, a Personal Acquaintance Asks (New York Times)

December 19, 1914: Newman to Hear Frank Case Today (Atlanta Constitution)

December 19, 1914: Organize Aid to Frank (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: Ask Certificate with Frank Appeal (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: Frank Case Appeal May Yet Be Granted (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: “Frank is Innocent” – Burns (New York Times)

December 21, 1914: Lawyers Unite for Frank (New York Times)

December 22, 1914: Alexander Scores Charge of Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

December 22, 1914: Appeal for Frank, But No Certificate (New York Times)

December 22, 1914: Frank Mass Meeting Called (New York Times)

December 23, 1914: Marshall Will Make Supreme Court Plea (Atlanta Constitution)

December 23, 1914: New Move to Save Frank (New York Times)

December 24, 1914: Article 7: No Title (New York Times)

December 24, 1914: Called Lynch Law Veiled (New York Times)

December 25, 1914: Frank Case Before Lamar (New York Times)

December 26, 1914: Says His Analysis Vindicates Franks (New York Times)

December 27, 1914: Cornell Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

December 27, 1914: No Lamar Decision Yet (New York Times)

December 28, 1914: Frank Railroaded, E. V. Debs Asserts (New York Times)

December 28, 1914: Leo Frank Decision is Expected Today (Atlanta Constitution)

December 28, 1914: Lesson From Frank Case (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Frank’s Appeal Granted (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Frank’s Trial Legal, Declares Grossman (Atlanta Constitution)

December 29, 1914: Lamar Grants Appeal to Frank (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Leo M. Frank’s New Fight for Life May Last in Courts for Six Months Before a Final Decision is Reached (Atlanta Constitution)

December 29, 1914: Topics of the Times: How Could New Trial Be Refused (New York Times)

December 30, 1914: Long Legal Battle in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

December 31, 1914: Article 5 (No Title) (New York Times)

December 31, 1914: Denver Jews to Aid Frank (New York Times)

December 31, 1914: Where Ought Law Cases to be Tried? And How? And by Whom? In Re Leo Frank  (Jeffersonian)

1915, Atlanta, Georgia

January 1915: The Leo Frank Case (Watson’s Magazine)

January 1, 1915: Frank Writ a Relief (Reprinted from Chicago Tribune) (New York Times)

January 1, 1915: Texans Make Plea for Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

January 3, 1915: Leo M. Frank Says Politics Prompted Joseph M. Brown to Write Card to Chronicle (Atlanta Constitution)

January 4, 1915: The Frank Case: A Socialist Plea for Justice Where It Can Still Be Done (New York Times)

January 5, 1915: Good Wishes from the Prisoner to Whom the New Year Has Brought Hope: A Letter from Leo Frank (New York Times)

January 6, 1915: Frank Motion on Jan. 18 (New York Times)

January 6, 1915: Leo Frank Replies to Attack by Brown (New York Times)

January 7, 1915: What Edmund Said Could Not Be Done, Has Been Done in Behalf of Leo Frank (New York Times)

January 10, 1915: A Letter on the Frank Case and a Reply to It (New York Times)

January 10, 1915: Frank Is Innocent, Says George S. Dougherty (New York Times)

January 17, 1915: Warren Grice Will Ask Early Hearing on Frank Petition (Atlanta Constitution)

January 17, 1915: William J. Burns Scores Man Who Worked in Frank Case (New York Times)

January 19, 1915: To Advance the Frank Case (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Article 8 (No Title) (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Frank Protected by Supreme Court (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Woman Questions Conley (New York Times)

January 21, 1915: Frank Case Damage Suit (New York Times)

January 22, 1915: Lehon Plot Trial Put Off (New York Times)

January 24, 1915: Leo Frank Appeal is Set for Feb. 23 by Supreme Court (Atlanta Constitution)

January 26, 1915: For Early Frank Hearing (New York Times)

January 29, 1915: Jim Conley Will Take Stand Today as State Witness (Atlanta Constitution)

January 29, 1915: Ragsdale Swears to Perjury Plot (New York Times)

January 30, 1915: Large Sums Paid to Burns Agency, Haas Tells Court (Atlanta Constitution)

January 30, 1915: Wouldn’t Trust Ragsdale on Oath (New York Times)

January 31, 1915: Burns Men Deny Bribing Ragsdale (New York Times)

January 31, 1915: Will Leo Frank be Tried Again? (Atlanta Constitution)

February 1, 1915: Acquits Burns Men in Frank Case (New York Times)

February 1, 1915: Plan to Pursue Frank (New York Times)

February 2, 1915: Frank Case Advanced (New York Times)

February 2, 1915: Topics of the Times: Atlanta’s Change of Heart (New York Times)

February 3, 1915: Georgians File Protest (New York Times)

February 3, 1915: Watson Denounces Plan to Try Him (New York Times)

February 4, 1915: Jewish War Victims Aided by Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

February 8, 1915: Topics of the Times: A Dilemma Purely Imaginary (New York Times)

February 10, 1915: State is Preparing for Frank Hearing (Atlanta Constitution)

February 21, 1915: Frank Brief Filed in Supreme Court (New York Times)

February 22, 1915: Georgia to File Frank Brief Today (New York Times)

February 23, 1915: Conley, Not Frank, Guilty, Train Holds (New York Times)

February 23, 1915: Lawyers for State Reach Washington (Atlanta Constitution)

February 23, 1915: Sheriff Mangum Leaves to Attend Leo Frank Hearing (Atlanta Constitution)

February 24, 1915: Georgia Files Frank Brief (New York Times)

February 24, 1915: Postpone Hearing of Frank Appeal (Atlanta Constitution)

February 25, 1915: A Georgian Is Stirred Over Abuse of State (Jeffersonian)

February 26, 1915: Marshall Heard in Frank’s Behalf (New York Times)

February 27, 1915: Frank Case Appeal Arguments Ended (New York Times)

February 27, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate in Hands of Court (Atlanta Constitution)

March 1915: A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case (Watson’s Magazine)

March 23, 1915: Frank’s Judge Dying Here (New York Times)

March 24, 1915: Frank Trial Judge, L. S. Roan, Dies Here (New York Times)

April 18, 1915: About the Frank Case (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: Frank Judge Left Plea for Clemency (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: High Court Denies Frank’s Last Plea (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: His Plea Denied, Frank May Move for a Rehearing (Atlanta Constitution)

April 20, 1915: The Dismissal of Frank’s Appeal (New York Times)

April 21, 1915: A Popular Misconception (New York Times)

April 21, 1915: Frank’s Attorneys Confer on Appeal (Atlanta Constitution)

April 22, 1915: Decide Not to Ask a Pardon for Frank (New York Times)

April 22, 1915: Frank Pardon Plea Will Be Completed Within a Few Days (Atlanta Constitution)

April 23, 1915: Frank Makes Plea for Commutation (Atlanta Constitution)

April 23, 1915: Frank Makes Plea for Life Sentence (New York Times)

April 23, 1915: Justice, Not Mercy (New York Times)

April 26, 1915: Pulpit Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

April 28, 1915: Article 12 (No Title) (New York Times)

April 30, 1915: Frank Hearing in June (New York Times)

April 30, 1915: Mother and Father of Leo Frank Here to Attend Hearing (Atlanta Constitution)

May 1, 1915: Leo Frank an Innocent Man, Declares Geraldine Ferrar After Visit to Tower Cell (Atlanta Constitution)

May 3, 1915: Board to Go Deep into Frank Case (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Chicago Plea for Frank (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Halts Move to Have Frank Resentenced (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Offer Plea for Frank (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: State Will Wait for U.S. Mandate in Case of Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

May 4, 1915: Topics of the Times: New Aspect of the Frank Case (New York Times)

May 6, 1915: Frank’s Lawyers Get Affidavits (Atlanta Constitution)

May 6, 1915: Georgia Counsel Surprised (New York Times)

May 6, 1915: Mandate Hastened on Frank’s Motion (New York Times)

May 8, 1915: Plan Aid for Frank (New York Times)

May 10, 1915: Frank Will Face Judge Hill Today (Atlanta Constitution)

May 10, 1915: Resentence Frank Today (New York Times)

May 11, 1915: Frank’s Death Day Fixed for June 22 (New York Times)

May 11, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate up to Gov. Slaton as Final Arbiter (Atlanta Constitution)

May 12, 1915: Article 21: No Title (New York Times)

May 12, 1915: Frank’s Last Hope (New York Times)

May 12, 1915: Petitions for Frank Signed by 15,000 (New York Times)

May 17, 1915: Frank a Mob Victim, Rabbi Wise Asserts (New York Times)

May 17, 1915: Will Hear Frank’s Plea (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Chicago Women Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Clemency Hearing for Frank May 31 (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Date for Hearing of Frank is Fixed (Atlanta Constitution)

May 19, 1915: Mass Meeting to Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 19, 1915: Paterson to Frank’s Aid (New York Times)

May 19, 1915: State of Tennessee Makes Plea for Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

May 19, 1915: Topics of the Times: Frank’s Case Without a Precedent (New York Times)

May 20, 1915: People Here Eager to Sign Frank Plea (New York Times)

May 20, 1915: Two State Legislatures Ask Georgia’s Governor for Clemency for Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

May 21, 1915: More Petitions for Frank (New York Times)

May 22, 1915: Dr. White to Discuss Leo Frank’s Sentence (Atlanta Constitution)

May 22, 1915: Frank Innocent, Says Judge Powell (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: An Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Another Frank Appeal (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Article 6: No Title (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Article 7: No Title (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Calls Frank Case a Georgia Matter (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Leo Frank Jurors to Hold Meeting to Discuss Case (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1915: Calls Frank Victim of Cry Against Jews (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Free Sons Send Petition (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Ministers Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Pastors to Plead for Commutation of Frank Sentence (Atlanta Constitution)

May 24, 1915: Plan Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

May 25, 1915: Lindsey Pleads for Frank (New York Times)

May 26, 1915: Dunne at Front for Frank (New York Times)

May 26, 1915: Michigan Legislature Makes Plea (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Affidavit by Wife at Frank Hearing (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Article 4: No Title (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Clemency is Urged for Leo M. Frank by Georgia Society (Atlanta Constitution)

May 27, 1915: Clemency Protest is Filed by Dorsey (Atlanta Constitution)

May 27, 1915: Foss Leads Frank Appeal (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Foss Urges Frank Clemency (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Why Are Frank’s Hired Champions Afraid to Publish the Official Record, and to Let the World Read the Evidence Which Convicted Him? (Jeffersonian)

May 28, 1915: Article 9: No Title (New York Times)

May 28, 1915: Dorsey’s Course Still Undecided (Atlanta Constitution)

May 28, 1915: Prosecutor May Not Fight Frank’s Plea (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Article 11: No Title (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Asks President to Plead for Frank (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Conley and Frank Meet Wednesday (Atlanta Constitution)

May 29, 1915: W. J. Burns Exonerated (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: 1,000,000 Plead for Frank (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: An Atlanta Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Carry New England’s Plea (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Holds Murder Note Author Was Conley (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Hope for Frank in Final Fight (New York Times)

May 31, 1915: Commission Ready for Frank Hearing (New York Times)

May 31, 1915: Leo Frank’s Plea for Commutation to be Heard Today (Atlanta Constitution)

June 1, 1915: Final Frank Plea Not Opposed (New York Times)

June 1, 1915: Frank’s Hearing Ends Commission, to Make Recommendation Soon (Atlanta Constitution)

June 1, 1915: Plea for Frank to Wilson (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: Frank and Conley Will Meet Today (Atlanta Constitution)

June 2, 1915: Order Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: Phagan Townsfolk at Frank Hearing (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: The Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

June 3, 1915: Conley Released; Shows No Remorse (New York Times)

June 3, 1915: Frank and Conley Will Not Testify (Atlanta Constitution)

June 3, 1915: Topics of the Times: Opposition to Frank’s Commutation (New York Times)

June 4, 1915: Article 12: No Title (New York Times)

June 4, 1915: Ohioans Plead for Frank (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Fears Frank Meeting Riot (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Magicians at Trick Dinner (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Rochester Aid for Frank (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Prison Commissioners Go to Their Homes (Atlanta Constitution)

June 6, 1915: Doubts Guilt of Frank (New York Times)

June 6, 1915: Frank Plea Opposed at Atlanta Meeting (New York Times)

June 7, 1915: Dorsey to Oppose Clemency to Frank (New York Times)

June 8, 1915: Frank Clemency Decision Delayed (New York Times)

June 9, 1915: Decision on Frank is Expected Today (New York Times)

June 9, 1915: Jail Anti-Frank Witness (New York Times)

June 10, 1915: Board Denies Frank Clemency (New York Times)

June 10, 1915: Case of Leo Frank is up to Governor for Final Decision (Atlanta Constitution)

June 10, 1915: Possibilities and Peculiarities of the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

June 10, 1915: The Tragedy of Innocence (New York Times)

June 11, 1915: Final Plea for Frank to be Made Saturday (Atlanta Constitution)

June 11, 1915: Last Frank Appeal Heard Tomorrow (New York Times)

June 11, 1915: Still Hopeful for Frank (New York Times)

June 12, 1915: Chicago Urges Clemency (New York Times)

June 12, 1915: Marietta Delegation to Fight Frank Plea (Atlanta Constitution)

June 12, 1915: To Make Last Plea for Frank Today (New York Times)

June 13, 1915: Begin Last Frank Plea to Governor (New York Times)

June 13, 1915: Slaton to Spend Today in Study of Frank Appeal (Atlanta Constitution)

June 14, 1915: Pray for Governor in the Frank Case (New York Times)

June 14, 1915: Slaton Expected to Inspect Scene of Murder Today (Atlanta Constitution)

June 14, 1915: The Spectacle in Atlanta (New York Times)

June 15, 1915: Both Sides Heard on Frank Appeal (New York Times)

June 15, 1915: Howard to Finish Appeal for Frank Early Wednesday (Atlanta Constitution)

June 16, 1915: Will Finish Today Hearing Frank Plea (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Ask State to Cease Killing by Law (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Frank Case as an Issue (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Frank’s Fate Now in Slaton’s Hands (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate up to Governor; Hearing is Ended (Atlanta Constitution)

June 17, 1915: Leo Frank’s Head Put in Metal Braces (Atlanta Constitution)

June 17, 1915: Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

June 17, 1915: Negro Names Conley (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Reward of $1,000 Offered by Burns (Atlanta Constitution)

June 18, 1915: Gives Time to Frank Case (New York Times)

June 18, 1915: Leo Frank May Know His Fate by Sunday (Atlanta Constitution)

June 19, 1915: Decision on Frank Expected Monday (Atlanta Constitution)

June 19, 1915: Gov. Slaton Delays Leo Frank Decision (New York Times)

June 20, 1915: Frank May Not Know His Fate Till Tuesday (New York Times)

June 20, 1915: Howard Confident of Commutation for Leo Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

June 21, 1915: Frank Sentence Commuted (Atlanta Constitution)

June 21, 1915: Frank’s Sentence is Commuted by Slaton (Atlanta Constitution)

June 21, 1915: Front Page 2: No Title (New York Times)

June 21, 1915: Majority of Georgians Pleased (New York Times)

June 21, 1915: May Save Leo M. Frank from Execution; He Is Reported Transferred to Prison Farm (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Article 6: No Title (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Calls It Wisdom and Justice (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Creditable to the State (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Frank Reaches Prison; Guards Are Doubled (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Frank Starts Prison Work, Noisy Crowd at Governor’s Home Dispersed by Militia (Atlanta Constitution)

June 22, 1915: Gov. Slaton’s Courageous Act (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Gov. Slaton’s Statement; Slaton Commutes Frank Sentence (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: How Constitution Got Story of Frank’s Departure When Governor, Sheriff and Other Officials Combined to Keep Commutation Secret Until Monday Afternoon (Atlanta Constitution)

June 22, 1915: Marshall Praises Slaton’s Courage (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Press of Georgia Upholds Governor (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Soldiers Now Guard Him (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Whole Frank Case Reviewed in Slaton’s Statement (Atlanta Constitution)

June 23, 1915: Gov. Slaton Sees Mob’s Anger Die (New York Times)

June 23, 1915: Topics of the Times: Why Georgia Condemned Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

June 24, 1915: Article 12: No Title (New York Times)

June 24, 1915: Guards Increased at Milledgeville (Atlanta Constitution)

June 24, 1915: The Old Paths — And the New Path Taken by the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

June 24, 1915: Threaten Boycott of Georgia Jews (New York Times)

June 25, 1915: A Study for Psychologists (New York Times)

June 25, 1915: Troops to Guard Slaton (New York Times)

June 26, 1915: Violence Feared in Atlanta Today (New York Times)

June 27, 1915: Soldiers Save Slaton from Mob (New York Times)

June 29, 1915: Praise for Slaton in Flood of Mail (New York Times)

June 30, 1915: Slaton Here, Glad He Saved Frank (New York Times)

June 30, 1915: Transfer Slaton Rioters (New York Times)

July 1, 1915: Capitol Gossip (Atlanta Constitution)

July 1, 1915: Slaton Misstates the Law, the Supreme Court Decisions, and the Evidence (Jeffersonian)

July 3, 1915: Invite Slaton to California (New York Times)

July 8, 1915: Aftermath of Slaton’s Treachery in the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

July 14, 1915: Frank Rumors Stir Georgia Authorities (New York Times)

July 14, 1915: Militia Under Arms Following Mob Rumor (Atlanta Constitution)

July 15, 1915: While Leo Frank Is Loafing at the State Farm, the Rich Jews Continue to Defame the People and the Courts of Georgia (Jeffersonian)

July 18, 1915: Leo Frank’s Throat Cut by Convict; Famous Prisoner Near Death (New York Times)

July 18, 1915: Leo Frank’s Throat Cut by State Farm Prisoner (Atlanta Constitution)

July 19, 1915: Frank Survives Assassin’s Knife (New York Times)

July 19, 1915: Creen’s Mind Affected by Fall from Bridge (Atlanta Constitution)

July 19, 1915: Frank’s Condition Steadily Improving, Good Chance to Recover, Say Doctors (Atlanta Constitution)

July 20, 1915: Another Doctor Added to Staff Treating Frank (Atlanta Constitution)

July 20, 1915: Frank in a Fever, Infection Feared (New York Times)

July 20, 1915: The Milledgeville Assault (New York Times)

July 21, 1915: Article 4: No Title (New York Times)

July 21, 1915: Frank Much Better, Physicians Hopeful (New York Times)

July 22, 1915: Frank Grows Stronger; Danger is Nearly Over (Atlanta Constitution)

July 22, 1915: The Frank Case; John M. Slaton; a Forgery or Two; and a Hidden Mesh-Bag (Jeffersonian)

July 23, 1915: Frank Still Improving (New York Times)

July 24, 1915: Begin Frank Inquiry Today (New York Times)

July 25, 1915: Convicts at State Farm Ask Pardon for McNaughton (Atlanta Constitution)

July 25, 1915: Frank’s Assailant Before Governor (New York Times)

July 25, 1915: The Hideous Mob Spirit (New York Times)

July 26, 1915: Preacher Defends Thaw (New York Times)

July 29, 1915: Slaton’s Home-Coming and Some Questions That He Must Be Prepared to Answer (Jeffersonian)

August 1915: The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank (Watson’s Magazine)

August 2, 1915: Frank’s Head in Braces (New York Times)

August 2, 1915: Leo Frank’s Head Put in Metal Braces (Atlanta Constitution)

August 5, 1915: Gentile Put to Death on the Evidence of a Negro for Killing a Jew (Jeffersonian)

August 11, 1915: On Day of Release, He Weds Daughter of GA Prison Head (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1915: The Commutation of Frank’s Sentence Is Null and Void! (Jeffersonian)

August 14, 1915: Sheriff’s Posses Ordered Out (New York Times)

August 17, 1915: Didn’t Pass Through Eatonton (New York Times)

August 17, 1915: Posses Chase Frank Mob (Atlanta Constitution)

August 17, 1915: Warden is Overpowered (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Article 1 (No Title) (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Called Blot on State by Josephus Daniels (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Chicago Voices Indignation (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Full Inquiry Is Ordered (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Georgia Hangs Her Head (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Georgia Press Condemns Act (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Georgia’s Shame (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Georgia’s Shame (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Governor Prepares for Formal Inquiry (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Had Not Given Up Hope (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Harris to Probe Frank Lynching (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Hope for Vindication Frank’s Prison Solace (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: How the Jeffersonian Fanned Race Hatred (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Killing Upheld Law, Says Marietta Paper (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Loyless Bids, Georgians Choose (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Lynching of Leo Frank Denounced by Daniels (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Marietta Citizens Laud Mob’s Work (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Mayor of Atlanta Defends Mob’s Work (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Mob Had Plotted Crime for Weeks (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Mob Hanging Better than Judicial Murder, Says John M. Slaton (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Mob’s Own Story in Detail (Atlanta Constitution)

August 18,1915: Neighbors All Protect Frank Slayers (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: News Overcomes Frank’s Parents (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Prison Commission Witnessed Kidnapping; Chairman Exonerates State Farm Officials (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Prison Head, In Irons, Saw Mob Seize Frank (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Save Body from Mob; Heels Mutilate Face (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Says Tom Watson is Frank’s Slayer (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: “Slain by a Pack of Wolves” from Richmond Times Dispatch (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Slaton, In Address, Denounces Lynching (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Took Frank’s Life in Resentment (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Trial Called a Prolonged Lynching (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: A Regrettable Incident (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Frank’s Last Letter Reaches His Father (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Governor Prepares for Formal Inquiry (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Grim Tragedy in Woods (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Handcuffs May Prove Clue to Identity of at Least One of Leo Frank’s Lynchers (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Intimates Woodward Is Playing Politics (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: John M. Slaton Talks in Alaska. Attacks Senators Smith and Hardwick (Jeffersonian)

August 19, 1915: May Find the Mobbers by the Handcuffs on Burke’s Wrists (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1915: Proof of Frank’s Innocence (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Woodward is Rapped by Governor Slaton (Atlanta Constitution)

August 19, 1915: Would Isolate Georgia (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Article 3: No Title (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Frank Lynching Due to Suspicion and Prejudice (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Frank’s Body Here; Burial Hour Secret (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Governor Offers Reward of $1,500 (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Lawyers Condemn Lynching (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Mob Law is Condemned in Statement by Harris on Leo Frank Lynching (Atlanta Constitution)

August 21, 1915: Alleged Frank Relics (New York Times)

August 21, 1915: Frank’s Funeral Simple and Quiet (New York Times)

August 21, 1915: Outside Interference Resented by Georgians (New York Times)

August 22, 1915: Leo Frank Wrote His Own Alibi (New York Times)

August 22, 1915: One Frank Lyncher Said to be Known (New York Times)

August 23, 1915: Gov. Harris Threatened (New York Times)

August 23, 1915: New ‘Inside Story’ of Frank Lynching (New York Times)

August 24, 1915: Boycott Started Against Atlanta by Boston Firm (Atlanta Constitution)

August 24, 1915: Coroner to Resume Investigation Today in Frank Lynching (Atlanta Constitution)

August 25, 1915: Lynchers Unknown, Frank Jury Finds (New York Times)

August 25, 1915: Officials of Cobb Seek Clew to Mob (Atlanta Constitution)

August 26, 1915: “The Wages of Sin Is Death”/Frank Virtually Confessed, Ceased to Claim Innocence (Jeffersonian)

August 30, 1915: Rope on His Auto, New York Police Shadow Atlantan (Atlanta Constitution)

September 1915: The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, a Jew Pervert (Watson’s Magazine)

September 2, 1915: Frank Lynching Grand Jury Meets (New York Times)

September 2, 1915: “Leo Frank Wrote His Own Alibi” (Jeffersonian)

September 3, 1915: Frank Jury Fails to Find Lynchers (New York Times)

September 9, 1915: Here Is the Positive Evidence Against John M. Slaton (Jeffersonian)

September 12, 1915: Famous French Parallel to the Frank Case (New York Times)

September 13, 1915: Attacks Watson in Frank Case (New York Times)

September 16, 1915: H. Katz, Principal of Hebrew Institute, Writes a Review of the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

September 20, 1915: Frank Committee Loses Chairman (New York Times)

September 22, 1915: Hears Mob Tried Torture on Frank (New York Times)

September 23, 1915: The State versus John M. Slaton: Indictment for Treason (Jeffersonian)

September 27, 1915: Corroborates Roan Letter on Frank (New York Times)

September 27, 1915: Renews Slaton Attack (New York Times)

September 30, 1915: Further Features of the Rosser-Slaton-Haas and John Grant Gang (Jeffersonian)

October 1915: The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced. In the Matter of Leo Frank (Watson’s Magazine)

October 1, 1915: Mrs. Frank Lauds Husband (New York Times)

October 7, 1915: John Slaton’s Declaration of War: John Grant’s Artillery (Jeffersonian)

October 14, 1915: Carpet-Bagger Stockbridge, of the Rotten Ruralist, Slanders the Living and the Dead (Jeffersonian)

October 17, 1915: Queries from Times Readers and Answers to Them (New York Times)

October 21, 1915: Letters from the People/Commuters Fade Away as Lists Are Examined: More Slaton-Haas-Rosser Frauds (Jeffersonian)

October 24, 1915: Slaton Back in Georgia (New York Times)

October 28, 1915: Letters from the People/The Frank Case in Its Relation to the Knights of Columbus, the Jews and the Persecution of Watson (Jeffersonian)

November 3, 1915: Society Lukewarm on Suffrage Vote (New York Times)

November 4, 1915: Letters from the People/The American Law-Review, on the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

November 5, 1915: Gangster Madden Stays in Sing Sing (New York Times)

November 11, 1915: Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

November 15, 1915: New England Educational Journal Criticizes Narrowness of Eastern Magazine (Atlanta Constitution)

November 17, 1915: Will Pay Slaton Guard (New York Times)

November 18, 1915: Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

November 20, 1915: Echo of the Frank Case (New York Times)

November 23, 1915: Pinkertons Get Verdict (New York Times)

December 9, 1915: Letters from the People/The Trial of Thos. E. Watson (Jeffersonian)

December 16, 1915: Additional Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

Post-1915, Atlanta, Georgia and Beyond

February 2, 1916: May Indict Watson Outside of Georgia (New York Times)

February 3, 1916: The Democratic Department of Justice Planning a Revolutionary Invasion of States Rights (Jeffersonian)

February 10, 1916: Is Georgia the Worst of All the States? (Jeffersonian)

February 15, 1916: Jim Conley is Fined for Beating His Wife (Atlanta Constitution)

February 17, 1916: A Plain Talk to the Attorney-General of the United States (Jeffersonian)

February 24, 1916: Major C. E. McGregor Writes a Letter to the Macon Telegraph (Jeffersonian)

February 29, 1916: Morris Lasker Dead (New York Times)

March 2, 1916: Many Editors Differ from U.S. District Attorney, Gregory (Jeffersonian)

March 9, 1916: Additional Letters from the People (Jeffersonian)

March 16, 1916: Hon. Clark Howell Asks Questions of the Gubernatorial Candidates (Jeffersonian)

April 2, 1916: Georgians Square, Asserts Slaton (Atlanta Constitution)

April 27, 1916: The Final Confession of Leo Frank’s Guilt (Jeffersonian)

May 4, 1916: Paid for “a Receipt” That Leo Frank Was Innocent? (Jeffersonian)

May 6, 1916: Dorsey Runs for Governor (New York Times)

May 11, 1916: The Truth About the Settlement of the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

May 25, 1916: “The Truth About the Murder of Mary Phagan, For Which an Innocent Man Died” (Jeffersonian)

June 1, 1916: Sorry to See ‘em Worrying About Hugh Dorsey: They Are Lugging in the Frank Case (Jeffersonian)

September 12, 1916: Dorsey Assails Slaton and Jews (New York Times)

September 13, 1916: Dorsey Nominated for Governorship (New York Times)

September 13, 1916: Marshall Denies Dorsey’s Charges (New York Times)

January 11, 1917: “Why Was Frank Lynched?” (Jeffersonian)

July 1, 1917: Dorsey Becomes Governor (New York Times)

August 4, 1917: Ex-Gov. Slaton in a Fight (New York Times)

January 14, 1919: Jim Conley Shot as Store Breaker by Druggist Conn (Atlanta Constitution)

January 17, 1919: Jim Conley Admits Attempt at Burglary (Atlanta Constitution)

January 18, 1919: Leo Frank’s Accuser Shot (New York Times)

February 25, 1919: 20-Year Jail Sentence for Conley (New York Times)

June 11, 1919: Recalls the Frank Case (New York Times)

August 19, 1921: W. J. Burns to Head the Secret Service (New York Times)

March 5, 1922: State Will Cite Leo Frank’s Case in Dupre Hearing (Atlanta Constitution)

December 2, 1922: The Anti Lynching Bill (New York Times)

November 19, 1923: Klan Has Hard Time in South Carolina (New York Times)

January 3, 1925: Leo Frank’s Mother Dies of Heart Disease (New York Times)

January 5, 1925: Leo Frank’s Mother Buried (New York Times)

May 28, 1925: Topics of the Times: An Attack Gave It Importance (New York Times)

November 2, 1927: New Yorkers Are in Will — Moses Frank (New York Times)

February 24, 1929: Aged Inmate Soon Will Complete 15 Years in Prison (Atlanta Constitution)

July 16, 1930: Heckler Questions Slaton Concerning Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Constitution)

August 12, 1930: Slaton Discusses Frank Commutation (Atlanta Constitution)

April 15, 1932: W. J. Burns Dead; Famous Detective (New York Times)

September 17, 1933: Miscellaneous Brief Reviews: Trial By Prejudice (New York Times)

November 9, 1933: C. P. Conolly Dead; Lawyer and Writer (New York Times)

July 15, 1937: The Screen: The Strand’s ‘They Won’t Forget’ Is an Indictment of (New York Times)

January 4, 1942: L.P. Whitfield, Noted Sleuth, 61, Succumbs (Atlanta Constitution)

November 21, 1943: ‘Clears’ Leo Frank in Murder of 1913 (New York Times)

December 1, 1943: Leo Frank’s Widow Not Bitter, Sews on Wedding Anniversary (Atlanta Constitution)

December 2, 1943: Mrs. Frank Fine, Brave Woman, Slaton Opines; Silent on Case (Atlanta Constitution)

June 12, 1948: Judge Dorsey, Twice Georgia Governor, 77 (New York Times)

July 16, 1948: Books of the Times: Star Reporters (New York Times)

March 16, 1952: Mostly Murder: Prisoners at the Bar (New York Times)

January 12, 1955: Ex-Gov. John M. Slaton of Georgia Dies; Clemency for Leo Frank Created Furor (New York Times)

February 19, 1956: Report on Criminals at Large (New York Times)

January 2, 1966: Criminals at Large (New York Times)

December 14, 1968: Harry Golden Settles Suit over ‘A Little Girl Is Dead’ (New York Times)

January 29, 1969: Leonard Haas, Defended Leo Frank in 1913 Trial (New York Times)

August 8, 1971: Arf, Arf! It’s Jack Nicholson: They Don’t Forget (New York Times)

July 10, 1974: A Jewishness So Unfamiliar (New York Times)

September 25, 1977: A Lynching in Georgia (New York Times)

March 8, 1982: After 69 Years of Silence, Lynching Victim Is Cleared (New York Times)

April 9, 1982: Lawyer Ruled Unnecessary at a Lineup Before Charges — Leo Frank Case Cited (New York Times)

December 13, 1983: Georgia Board Weighs Pardon of Jew Lynched 70 Years Ago (New York Times)

December 18, 1983: Topics: Correcting the Past (New York Times)

December 23, 1983: Pardon Denied for Leo Frank in 1913 Slaying (New York Times)

July 1, 1984: The Lively Arts; Stage: The Trial of Leo Frank (New York Times)

March 20, 1985: Alanzo Mann, 87, Who Said Lynch Mob Killed Wrong Man (New York Times)

March 12, 1986: Georgia Pardons Victim 70 Years After Lynching (New York Times)

July 29, 1991: Abroad at Home: Crime Against Justice (New York Times)

October 4, 1991: More Punishment Doesn’t Decrease the Crime; The Leo Frank Bill (New York Times)

March 2, 1992: Congress Can Right High Court’s Errors: Letter to Editor (New York Times)

March 13, 1995: How Leo Frank’s Death Fueled Fight for Justice (New York Times)

April 20, 2000: Theater Review: A Story Still Painful After Repeated Tellings (New York Times)

August 26, 2000: Georgia Town Is Still Divided Over the 1915 Lynching of a Jew (New York Times)

October 26, 2003: And the Dead Shall Rise by Steve Oney: First Chapter (New York Times)

October 26, 2003: Who Killed Mary Phagan? (New York Times)

December 19, 2003: Books of the Times: The Haunting Questions of a Murder and a Lynching (New York Times)

 

Further Required Reading:

A selection of media concerning the Leo Frank Case.

Atlanta Journal Merges With Atlanta Constitution

AJC on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Journal

Media Sensationalism: Concerning the Atlanta Georgian owned by William Randolph Hearst

Yellow Journalism: Frank Luther Mott (1941) defines yellow journalism in terms of five characteristics:

1. scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
2. lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
3. use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudo-science, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
4. emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips (which is now normal in the U.S.)
5. dramatic sympathy with the “underdog” against the system.

Yellow Journalism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_journalism

Information about the Atlanta Georgian Newspaper (Wikipedia): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Georgian

The Atlanta Georgian Full Issues Concerning the Principals of the Leo Frank Case from the Murder of Mary Phagan to the Conviction of Leo Frank:

1. Atlanta Georgian Newspaper Archive Beginning, April 28, 1913, through August, 1913: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-georgian/

Atlanta Constitution Issues Full Issues Concerning the murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner’s Inquest, Grand Jury, Discovery, Trial, Appeals, Lynching and Lawsuits against the National Pencil Company:

2. Atlanta Constitution complete issues from 1913 to 1915 about the Leo Frank Case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-constitution-issues/

Atlanta Journal Shortened issues Concerning the Leo Frank Case, April 28, 1913 to Dec. 31st, 1913:

3. The Atlanta Journal only specifically about the case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-journal-newspaper-shortened/

Master Library of the United States:

Library of Congress Chronicling America “Leo Frank” newspaper search 1900 to 1922.

Watson’s Weekly Newspaper:

Tom Watson’s Jeffersonian Newspaper, Images (80% complete), 1914 to 1917: http://leofrank.org/images/jeffersonian-newspaper-images/

Online University Archive:

The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: http://www2.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson/

Tom Watson’s Magazine 1915 (August, September and October, 1915, provide the best analysis of the Leo Frank Case)

1. Watson’s Magazine, January 1915, Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

2. The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for ‘A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case’. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

3. Watson’s Magazine August 1915 volume 21 no. 4 featuring Leo Frank Mary Phagan Murder Trial A review of the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

4. The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert, September 1915 By Tom Watson, of historical importance. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

5. Rich Jews Indict the State of Georgia (October, 1915) By Tom Watson, historically important. Tom Watson exposes the big money Jewish Community. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

Tom E. Watson on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_E._Watson

Clark Howell, Atlanta Constitution: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clark_Howell, retrieved 2012.

Leo Frank’s Four Known Admissions that Amounted to Murder Confessions:

Leo Frank Murder Confession #1: Made by Leo Frank on April 26, 1913, to James “Jim” Conley (African-American) the Negro sweeper of the NPCo factory.

Leo Frank Murder Confession #2: Minola McKnight (African-American) the Selig’s Negro Cook.

Leo Frank Murder Confession #3: Leo Frank’s Murder Trial Confession of August 18, 1913, Leo Frank Solves the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery.

Leo Frank’s 4th Murder Confession March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution (Read Between the Lines): March 9, 1914: Leo Frank Answers List of Questions Bearing on Points Made Against Him. Leo Frank’s authorized jailhouse interview which amounted to Leo Frank’s jailhouse murder confession, the fourth known Leo Frank murder confession.

For studying the murder of Mary Phagan and Conviction of Leo Frank, the Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta Georgian and Atlanta Journal are available in PDF format, and should be studied from April, 1913, through till August, 1915, in-order to get the best grasp of the Frank-Phagan case (1913 to 1915) in the the three major local competing daily Atlanta newspapers, that together defined the heart of the Georgian mainstream media.

1. Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner’s Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915. https://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseInTheAtlantaConstitutionNewspaper1913To1915

2. Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Frank-Phagan Case from April though August, 1913. https://archive.org/details/AtlantaGeorgianNewspaperAprilToAugust1913

3. Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Frank-Phagan Case: https://archive.org/details/AtlantaJournalApril281913toAugust311913

After reading these three local Atlanta Georgia newspapers, it’s time for you to decide the truth, first as the Judge and Jury, and secondly, as the Georgia Supreme Court Justices, to determine whether or not, the verdict rendered against Leo Frank was correct and should stand:

First:

1. You are now the Judge and Jury, read the official Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence from beginning to end, sifting it and pass your verdict. Would you leave the verdict of the jury and judge undisturbed?

Second:

2. You are now the Georgia Supreme Court, read the Leo Frank Supreme Court Records in either individual images or PDF, from beginning to end, sifting it and pass your verdict. Would you leave the verdict of the jury and judge undisturbed?

Open Discussion Forum:

To discuss the Leo Frank Case, join Brooklyn College Professor Allen Koenigsberg’s, Leo Frank Case Yahoo Discussion Group, from the Leo Frank Case: Open or Closed, website: http://www.LeoFrankCase.com (The Leo Frank Research Library is NOT affiliated with Professor Allen Koenigsberg or his Leo Frank Case website/yahoo group.)

Last Updated: April 26, 2013.