Leo Frank and Other Associated Principals in the Early Print Media of Newspapers and Magazines During the 20th Century, Including the Notable March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution, Leo Max Frank Jailhouse Interview Admission Amounting to Leo Frank Murder Confession Number Four.

Clark Howell (September 21, 1863 – November 14, 1936) was a Pulitzer Prize winning American newspaper man and politician from the state of Georgia.
 

According to Wikipedia:

Howell was born on September 21, 1863 in Atlanta, Georgia. During the American Civil War his mother was in South Carolina, while his father, Captain Evan Howell, served in the infantry and commanded a Confederate artillery battery.

Clark Howell attended the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society as well as an early member of the Gamma chapter of the Kappa Alpha Order, and graduated with an A.B. degree in 1883.[1] Directly after he moved to New York City and began working as a reporter for the New York Times then worked as the night telegraph editor of the Philadelphia Press.

In 1880 he returned to Atlanta and worked as a reporter at the Atlanta Constitution where his father was editor-in-chief and a principal stock holder. After managing editor Henry W. Grady died in 1889, the younger Howell took over that position. He eventually succeeded his father as editor-in-chief in 1897 upon the elder Howell’s retirement. That year he was elected to the Fulton County Board of Commissioners and served for one year. In 1901, Clark Howell purchased controlling shares in the Constitution to become its new owner.[2]

Starting in 1886, Howell was elected to three terms in the Georgia House of Representatives and served as speaker for one term. In 1900, he was elected one of the original directors of the Associated Press, a position he maintained the rest of his life. Also in 1900 he was elected to the Georgia Senate where he served consecutive two-years terms and was the President of that body during the latter term.[1] Following that he was defeated in the contentious 1906 Democratic Georgia gubernatorial race won by Hoke Smith, owner of the rival Atlanta Journal newspaper.

Even though Howell was a life-long Democrat, President Warren G. Harding placed him on a special mining commission in 1922 and ten years later President Hoover appointed him to a national transportation commission.

The Constitution won the 1931 Pulitzer Prize for Howell’s series exposing the Atlanta graft ring which led to six indictments and the downfall of Mayor I. N. Ragsdale’s political career. In 1934, President Roosevelt named him to chair the Federal Aviation Commission in the wake of the Air Mail scandal and appointed him chairman of a commission to study aviation in foreign countries. The French government made him a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1935.

He served as Georgia’s state Democratic committeeman from 1896 to 1924 and again starting in June 1936 where he succeeded Governor Eugene Talmadge.[3]

Clark Howell founded WGST (Georgia School of Technology) as a gift to the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1922. Operating as a commercial station with educational opportunities for students, the radio station was officially owned by the Board of Regents. After several lawsuits, the station was sold to a private corporation in 1974. The school reacquired a radio station, now known as WREK.[4] A freshman residence hall at Georgia Tech, Howell Hall, as well as an academic building at his alma mater, Clark Howell Hall, are named in his honor.

When Howell died he was the president and editor of the Atlanta Constitution and a director of the Associated Press.

Direct Source: Clark Howell, prolific editor, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clark_Howell, retrieved 2012.

Leo Frank Reading From Watson's Magazine 1915Leo Frank Reading, Photo from Watson’s Magazine, 1915
The 4th known Leo Frank murder sustaining admission that amounted to delicious irony, can be explored by reading between the lines of The Jailhouse Interview of Leo Frank, 17 Questions and Answers Published in the Atlanta Constitution, March 9, 1914, but there is one caveat, in order to properly understand Leo Frank murder confession number four – known as “The Leo Frank Jail House Murder Confession” – you must first become deeply acquainted with Leo Frank’s first three separate and distinct murder confessions (April 26, 1913, to August 18, 1913) contained in the official Leo Frank trial brief of evidence, 1913 (See, Affidavits and Trial Testimony of Jim Conley from may and early August; Minola McKnight’s State Exhibit J, June 3, 1913; Monteen Stover’s Trial Testimony; Leo Frank’s Trial Statement, August 18, 1913, about his “unconscious” bathroom visit).

As Allen Koenigsberg once said (2013), “The [Leo Frank] defense has long held that the sworn statement of Minola McKnight was coerced, but Who was Leo Frank saving his kisses for?” (Leo Frank Case, Koenigsberg, 2013). Taking Koenigberg’s (2013) line of questioning to the deeper level as 21st century forensic time travelers, we might also ask, why did Leo Frank so thoughtfully buy a 1 Lbs. box of chocolates for $1 from Jacob’s Pharmacy, to give to his wife Lucille Selig on the evening of the murder? Was Leo Frank trying to assuage his guilt? or was Leo Frank making up for the argument he had with Lucille on the morning of the murder? (See, the advertisement next to Lucia Di Lammermore, Metropolitan Opera, April 26, 1913). Finally, We are left with wondering how Leo Frank could claim his wife was at home finishing her lunch time dinner at 1:20pm to 1:30 pm, getting ready to leave for the Metropolitan Opera, when we can now reasonably determine she had already left (page, 17, 18, Metropolitan Opera, April 26, 1913), because she would have been at the Grand Opera House at least 15 minutes before the performance started at 2:00 p.m.

If you have ever watched the internationally acclaimed Leo Frank musical known as ‘Parade’, that distorts the Frank-Phagan Case through the myopic eyes of Jewish cultural terrorists, then perhaps you’d like a glimmer of what really happened:

On Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913 in Atlanta, Georgia, it was inside the palatial auditorium, where the fourth annual season of Grand Opera performed by the visiting NYC Metropolitan Opera Company was coming to close. It was at the last Matinée of Lucia Di Lammermore, where Frieda Hempel’s soulful voice was climbing hauntingly skyward and while tears were showering down the eyes of Lucille Selig Frank — another script was playing out at a dingy shuttered factory, located at 37-41 South Forsyth Street in the heart of downtown Atlanta, it was an event that would forever become an indelible part of U.S. legal history and popular culture – The Leo Frank Jewish Hate Soap Opera (1913 to 2013).

Metropolitan Opera Programme in Atlanta Georgia, Late April 1913, available for download on The Internet Archive: http://archive.org/details/MetropolitanOperaInAtlantaApril1913

Thrice Times Frank Made Ineluctable Admissions, Twice Before and One During his Trial

(Out of 4 known Leo Frank murder admissions, only 3, made it into the official record, because of the timing.)

Concerning the three Leo Frank murder incriminating admissions contained in the official record, be sure to start with learning about Leo’s 3rd and most dramatic, known as Leo Frank’s August 18, 1913, murder trial confession, before learning about his 4th published by the Atlanta Constitution on March 9, 1914.

Jim Conley and Lucille Selig Frank

The first two private Leo Frank murder confessions were made to, one, his accomplice-after-the-fact or accessory-after-the-fact Jim Conley, the incident at the NPCo is known as Leo Frank murder confession #1, and second, Leo Frank’s 68 East Georgia Avenue, Selig-Residence, second floor private bedroom chamber confession, he made to his wife Lucille Selig Frank, known as Leo Frank murder confession #2. (see BOE, Minola McKnight Affidavit, State’s Exhibit J, 1913, for the source of Leo Frank murder confession #2).

Thomas Edward Watson (more commonly known as Tom Watson) does a superb job articulating Leo Frank’s August 18, 1913, murder trial admission-confession in his ‘Jeffersonian Newspaper’ (1914 to 1917) and ‘Watson’s Magazine’ (1915):

Jeffersonian Newspaper

The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive (highly recommended, search on Leo Frank) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson provides the most complete (90%) collections of Jeffersonian weekly newspaper available. Back up with 80% of Jeffersonians associated with the Leo Frank Case: http://www.leofrank.org/images/jeffersonian-newspaper-images/ Years 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917.

Be sure to read Tom E. Watson‘s, monthly called ‘Watson’s Magazine’, back-to-back the August, September and October (1915) issues provide the best analysis on the Leo Frank case ever published in the last 100 years.

Watson’s Magazine, 1915

* Watson’s Magazine, January 1915, Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson is just getting warmed up in this issue.

** The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for ‘A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case’. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. New elaborations on the Leo Frank case, but far from as thorough as the August, September and October issues.

**** Watson’s Magazine August 1915 volume 21 no. 4 featuring Leo Frank Mary Phagan Murder Trial A review of the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson dives into the the Leo Frank trial brief of evidence (1913).

***** The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert, September 1915 By Tom Watson, of historical importance. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Tom Watson proves Leo Frank guilty without the testimony of the Negro Jim Conley. http://www.leofrank.org/library/watsons-magazine-1915/watsons-magazine-september-1915-pages-251-297.pdf

National Jewish Media Control vs. Tom Watson

**** The Jewish Controlled Media “Jewsmedia” Social, Political, Culture and Genetic War Against Western Civilization: Rich Jews Indict the State of Georgia (October, 1915) By Tom Watson, historically important. Tom Watson exposes the big money Jewish Community. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org. Watson reviews what he perceives as the Jewish media assault on Georgia. http://www.leofrank.org/library/watsons-magazine-1915/watsons-magazine-october-1915-pages-300-342.pdf

The Three Major Atlanta Dailies that had an Oligopoly over the Local Atlanta Media and competed for coverage over the Mary Phagan Murder Investigation and Leo Frank’s Epic Trial:

Was there anti-Semitic racism and prejudice in these newspapers? Travel down the timeweb to 1913 Atlanta Georgia!

1. Atlanta Constitution Full Issues Covering the Leo Frank Case From 1908, 1913 to 1915

Atlanta Constitution complete issues from 1908, 1913 to 1915 about the Leo Frank Case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-constitution-issues/

2. Atlanta Georgian Full Issues Concerning the Principals of the Leo Frank Case from the Murder of Mary Phagan to the Conviction of Leo Frank Over Four Month Period:

The Atlanta Georgian Newspaper Archive Beginning, April 28, 1913, through August, 1913: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-georgian/

3. Atlanta Journal Shortened issues Concerning the Leo Frank Case, April 28, 1913 to Dec. 31st, 1913:
http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-journal-newspaper-shortened/

21st Century Articles from the American Mercury Addressing the Jewish Communities Hate Crime Hoax Perpetuated Over the Generations:

1. One Hundred Reasons Why Leo Frank is Guilty:
http://theamericanmercury.org/2013/04/100-reasons-proving-leo-frank-is-guilty/

2. Did Leo Frank Confess?: http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/09/did-leo-frank-confess/

3. A Review of Steve Oney’s 2003 Book on the Leo Frank Case: Who Really Solved the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery? http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/10/who-really-solved-the-mary-phagan-murder-case/

4. A Review of Leonard Dinnerstein’s Book on the Leo Frank Case: The Leo Frank Case: A Pseudo-History! http://theamericanmercury.org/2012/10/the-leo-frank-case-a-pseudo-history/

Newspaper Reports Chronologically, From April 28, 1913 Onward:

1913

April 28, 1913: Girl is Assaulted and then Murdered in Heart of Town (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 28, 1913: Pretty Young Victim of Sunday’s Atrocious Crime and the Building in Which She Met Her Death (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 29, 1913: $1,000 Reward (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 29, 1913: Held on Murder Charge in Mary Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 29, 1913: I Am Not Guilty, Says John M. Gant (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 29, 1913: Pinkertons Hired to Assist Police Probe the Murder of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 29, 1913: Was Victim of Murder Lured Off on Joy Ride Before She Met Death? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 30, 1913: Did Murderers Plan Cremation? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 30, 1913: Murder Analyzed by Dr. M’Kelway (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 30, 1913: While Hundreds Sob, Body of Mary Phagan Lowered Into Grave (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 30, 1913: While Hunt Continues for Slayer of Mary Phagan, Marietta Mourns as Body is Lowered into Grave (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 1, 1913: Frank Tried to Flirt With Murdered Girl, Says Her Boy Chum (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 1, 1913: Newt Lee Tells His Story During Morning Session (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 1, 1913: Pretty Young Sweetheart Comes to the Aid of Arthur Mullinax (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Frank and Lee Held in Tower, Others Released (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Frank Girls Going to Inquest (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Keep an Open Mind (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 2, 1913: Troops on Alert for Mob (New York Times)

May 4, 1913: Impostors Busy in Sleuth Roles in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 4, 1913: The Case of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 5, 1913: Sleuths Believe They Can Convict Phagan Murderer (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 6, 1913: Pistol Toting is Condemned by Judge Ellis in His Charge (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 7, 1913: Officials Plan to Exhume Body of Victim Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 8, 1913: Frank Will Take a Stand at Inquest (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 8, 1913: Stains of Blood on Shirt Fresh, Says Dr. Smith (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 9, 1913: Frank and Lee Ordered Held by Coroner’s Jury for Mary Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 10, 1913: Factory Foreman Who Testified (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 10, 1913: Girl Will Swear Office of Frank Deserted Between 12:05 and 12:10 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 11, 1913: Officer Swears He Found Frank With Young Girl (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 11, 1913: Mystery of 14-Year-Old Mary Phagan’s Tragic End Adds One to Long List of Atlanta’s Unsolved Crimes (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 12, 1913: Find Guilty Man, Frank’s Lawyer Told Pinkertons (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 12, 1913: The Phagan Case Day by Day (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 13, 1913: Story From New York (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 14, 1913: Clue is Sought in Handwriting of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 14, 1913: Poem in Handwriting of Mary Phagan May Give Solicitor Clue to Murder (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 15, 1913: Victim of Murder Prepared to Die, Believes Dorsey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 16, 1913: Constitution Starts Fund to Bring Burns Here to Solve the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 17, 1913: Bring Burns Here (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 17, 1913: In Loop of Death, Dorsey May Have Clue to Murderer (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 18, 1913: Three Arrests Expected Soon in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 19, 1913: Detectives Seek Clue in Writing of Negro Suspect (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 20, 1913: Women Declare Phagan Murder Must be Solved (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 21, 1913: Tobie is Studying Mary Phagan’s Life (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 22, 1913: Experts are Here on Finger Prints (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 23, 1913: Rooming House Sought by Frank, Declares Woman (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Coleman Affidavit Which Police Say Felder Wanted (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Frank Not at Home Hours on Sunday, Declares Lanford (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Girl Strangled, Says Indictment (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Leading Figures in Charges of Bribery in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1913: Politics Enmeshes a Murder Mystery (New York Times)

May 25, 1913: “Becker of South” Lanford is Branded by Col. Tom Felder (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Frank Indicted in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Frank is Praised by John O. Parmele (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Indicted for Girl’s Murder (New York Times)

May 25, 1913: Others Will be Involved in New Bribery Charges Intimates Chief Lanford (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Savings of School Girls are Offered to Hunt for Murderer of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 25, 1913: Thomas Felder Brands the Charges of Bribery Diabolical Conspiracy (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 26, 1913: New Witnesses in Phagan Case Found by Police (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 26, 1913: Thousands in Atlanta Living the Life of Mary Phagan’s Murderer (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 27, 1913: Burns Agency Quits the Phagan Case; Tobie Leaves Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 28, 1913: Conley Reported to Admit Writing Notes Saturday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 29, 1913: Negro Sweeper Tells the Story of Murder Notes (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 30, 1913: Conley Says He Helped Frank Carry Body of Mary Phagan to Pencil Factory Cellar (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 31, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Murder Was Work of a Negro, Declares Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 1, 1913: Conley is Removed from Fulton Tower at His Own Request (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 2, 1913: Frank Asked Room to Conceal Body, Believes Lanford (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 3, 1913: Grand Jury Calls for Thos. Felder and Police Heads (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 3, 1913: Leo Frank’s Cook Put Under Arrest (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 4, 1913: Servant of Frank is Liberated After Long Examination (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 6, 1913: Dorsey Replies to the Charges of Mrs. Lucille Selig Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 7, 1913: Current in Effect on Day of Tragedy (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 8, 1913: Mrs. Frank Writes About Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 10, 1913: Leo Frank Reported Ready for His Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 11, 1913: Lanford Silent on Rosser’s Card (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 13, 1913: Negro Conley May Face Frank Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 15, 1913: Detective Chief Tells Grand Jury of Third Degree (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 16, 1913: Constitution Picture Will Figure in Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 18, 1913: Two New Witnesses Sought by Officers (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 19, 1913: Mrs. Formby Here for Phagan Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 19, 1913: Reuben Arnold May Aid Frank’s Defense in Big Murder Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 21, 1913: Frank and Lee Held in Tower, Others Released (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 22, 1913: Frank Not Guilty of Phagan Murder, Declares Arnold (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 23, 1913: Leo M. Frank’s Trial June 30, Says Dorsey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 24, 1913: Frank’s Trial Set for Next Monday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 25, 1913: Reported Hoke Smith May Aid Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 25, 1913: Trial of Leo Frank Postponed by Judge (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 28, 1913: Lanford and Felder Indicted for Libel (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 4, 1913: Effort Will Be Made to Free Newt Lee (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 8, 1913: Frank and Conley May Meet Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 10, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Pay Envelope is Found (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 11, 1913: Jim Conley Not Right Man, Says Mincey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 11, 1913: New Phagan Murder Tale (New York Times)

July 13, 1913: Detective Harry Scott’s Hunch- Thrilling Story of How it Secured James Conley’s Confession (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 18, 1913: Many Rumors Afloat Regarding Grand Jury (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 19, 1913: Grand Jury Meets to Indict Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 19, 1913: Scott Believes Conley Innocent, Asserts Lanford (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 20, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Score Dorsey for His Stand (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 20, 1913: Grim Justice Pursues Mary Phagan’s Slayer (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 23, 1913: Bloody Club Lends New Clue to Mystery (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 23, 1913: Give Right of Way to Case of Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 24, 1913: Conley and Lee Meet in Tower (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 25, 1913: Venireman Drawn for Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 26, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Ready for Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 27, 1913: How Detectives Trailed Clues in Phagan Murder Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 27, 1913: Scott is Summoned by Frank’s Lawyer (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 28, 1913: Leo Frank’s Trial on Murder Charge Booked for Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Numerous Witnesses Called in Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Trial of Leo M. Frank on Charge of Murder Begins, Mrs. Coleman, George Epps and Newt Lee on Stand (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Unusual Interest Centers in Mrs. Frank’s Appearance (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 29, 1913: Will Leo Frank’s Lawyers Put Any Evidence Before the Jury? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Lee, Dull and Ignorant, Calm Under Cross Fire (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Members of Mary Phagan’s Family who are Attending Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Mother and Daughter in Tears as Clothing of Mary Phagan is Exhibited in Courtroom (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Sergeant Dobbs Resumes Stand at Tuesday Afternoon Session (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 30, 1913: Three Witnesses Describe Finding Mary Phagan’s Body (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Bearing of Black and Lee Forms a Study in Contrast (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Daintily Dressed Girl Tells of Daily Routine of Factory (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Detective Black Muddled by Keen Cross Examination of Attorneys for Defense (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 31, 1913: Gantt, Once Phagan Suspect, On Stand Wednesday Afternoon (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Acquitted in the Same Court, She Believes Frank is Innocent (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Attorneys for Both Sides Riled by Scott’s Testimony; Replies Cause Lively Tilts (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Finding of Hair and Envelope Described by Machinist (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Haslett Describes Visit to Home of Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Holloway Denies Affidavit He Signed for Solicitor (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Leo Frank Innocent, Says Mrs. Appelbaum (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: Spots Were Large as Fan, Declares Woman Who Saw Them (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 1, 1913: William Gheesling, Embalmer, Tells of Wounds on Girl’s Body (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Frequent and Angry Clashes Between Attorneys Mark the Hearing of Darley’s Testimony (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Humor Pathos Tragedy (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Mary Phagan Murdered Within Hour After Dinner (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Negro Lurking in Factory Seen by Wife of Employee (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 2, 1913: Startling Statements Made During Testimony of Dr. Harris (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Condition of Girl’s Body Described by Dr. J. W. Hurt (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Defense Will Use Many Witnesses (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Fixing Hour of Girl’s Death Through Aid of Modern Science the Prosecution’s Greatest Aid (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 3, 1913: Girl Asked for Mary Phagan’s Pay but was Refused by Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 4, 1913: Frank on Stand Wednesday Week (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 4, 1913: Leo Frank’s Trial is Attracting Universal Interest in Georgia (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 4, 1913: Says Employer Slew Girl (New York Times)

August 5, 1913: Amazing Testimony of Conley Marks Crucial Point of Trial, Says Frank Admitted Crime (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Conley Grilled Five Hours by Luther Rosser (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Gheesling Furnishes His Formula to Jury (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 5, 1913: Says Employer Slew Girl (New York Times)

August 6, 1913: Mincey Affidavit is Denied (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Mary Phagan was Strangled, Declares Dr. H. F. Harris (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 7, 1913: Spontaneous Applause Greets Dorsey’s Victory (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 8, 1913: Dorsey Forces Childs to Admit Certain Portions of His Testimony Could not be Considered Expert (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 8, 1913: Will Defense Put Character of Leo Frank Before Jury? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Conductor Also Swears Epps Boy was not on Car with Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Defense Will Seek to Show That Mary Phagan’s Body Was Tossed Down a Chute in Rear of Pencil Factory and Not Taken Down by Elevator as the State Insists (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Epps Boy not with Mary Phagan, Declares Street Car Motorman (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Hopkins Woman Denies Charges Made by Dalton and Jim Conley; is Forced to Admit Untruths (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: Model of Factory Attacked by Solicitor (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 9, 1913: N. V. Darley Denies Testimony Given by Conley and Dalton (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Defense Will Renew Attack Upon Dr. Harris’ Testimony (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Reporter Makes Denial of Charge that Reports have been Flavored (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Schiff Put on Stand to Refute Conley and Dalton Testimony (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Schiff Testimony Contradicts That Given by Dalton and Negro Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 10, 1913: Startling Testimony of Conley Feature of Trial’s Second Week (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Defense Has the Best Day Since Trial of Frank Began (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Expert Flatly Contradicts the Testimony of Dr. Harris (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 12, 1913: Schiff Admits he Kept Conley Knowing he was Worthless (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Dalton Recalled by Defense, Admits Having Served on Gang (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 13, 1913: Testimony of Helen Ferguson Refuted by Magnolia Kennedy (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 14, 1913: Lively Tilts Mark the Hearing of Testimony of Dr. Kendrick (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 14, 1913: Quinn Intimates that Spots May Have Been on Floor for Months (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Frank Not Nervous on Night of Murder, Says Mrs. Ursenbach (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Lawyers Appear Very Interested in Raincoat Lent to Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Many Men Swear to Good Character of Superintendent of Pencil Factory (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 15, 1913: Mother-in-Law of Frank Denies Charges in Cook’s Affidavit (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Miss Mary Perk Tells Jurymen She Believes Conley is Guilty (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Mrs. Rae Frank Goes on Stand in Defense of Her Son (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 16, 1913: Still Another Office Boy Swears He Never Saw Women With Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 17, 1913: Prisoners’ Mother Questioned as to Wealth of Frank Family (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 17, 1913: That Pinkertons Double-Crossed Police, Dorsey Tries to Prove (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1913: Mary Phagan’s Grandmother Dies After Dreaming Girl was Living (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Climax of Trial Reached When Frank Faced Jury (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 19, 1913: Frank Ends Statement After Testifying Four Hours (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Denies He Said He Was Willing to Lead Party to Lynch Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Dr. Clarence Johnson is Called to Corroborate Dr. Roy Harris (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Saw Mary Phagan on Her Way to Pencil Factory, Says McCoy (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 20, 1913: Sideboard in Leo Frank’s Home Moved, Asserts Husband of Cook (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 20, 1913: State is Hard Hit by Judge’s Ruling Barring Evidence Attacking Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Frank Hooper Opens Argument in Leo Frank Case This Morning (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Girls Testify to Seeing Frank Enter Dressing Room With Woman (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Girls Testify to Seeing Frank Talking to Little Mary Phagan With His Hands on Her Person (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Railway Employee Swears Car Reached Center of City at 12:03 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Starnes Tells How Affidavit from Negro Cook was Secured (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Swears that Frank Prepared Sheets in Less Than 2 Hours (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Testimony of Dr. Harris Upheld by Noted Stomach Specialists (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1913: Testimony of Hollis Assailed by Witness (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 22, 1913: Arnold Ridicules Plot Alleged by Prosecution and Attacks the Methods Used by Detective (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 22, 1913: Atlanta Murder Case to Jury Today (New York Times)

August 22, 1913: Chronological Table of Frank’s Actions on Day of Murder (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 22, 1913: In Dramatic Phrases, Hooper Outlines Events Leading Up to and Following Death of Girl (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 23, 1913: Dorsey’s Brilliant Address Attacking Leo Frank is Stopped by Adjournment of Court Friday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 23, 1913: Rosser Makes Great Speech for the Defense; Scores Detectives and Criticizes the Solicitor (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 24, 1913: Solicitor Reasserts His Conviction of Bad Character and Guilt of Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 25, 1913: Leo Frank’s Fate May be Decided by Monday Night (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Frank Convicted, Asserts Innocence (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Glad and Relieved Trial is Over; No Doubt of Leo Frank’s Guilt (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Guilty, Declares Jury (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Leo Frank Received Fair Trial, Declares Chief Newport Lanford (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 26, 1913: Mary Phagan, the Victim (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 27, 1913: Frank Sentenced on Murder Charge; to Hang Oct. 10 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 27, 1913: Frank Sentence to Die (New York Times)

August 27, 1913: Hugh Dorsey’s Great Speech Feature of the Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 28, 1913: Cell of Leo M. Frank Now Like Living Room (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 31, 1913: Graduates of Cornell Will Aid Leo M. Frank in Fight for Life (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 4, 1913: Frank Trial Bills are Ordered Paid (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 9, 1913: Will Rear Monument to Little Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 10, 1913: Jim Conley Indicted by Jury on Tuesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 24, 1913: Leo Frank Again Made President of B’nai B’rith (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 26, 1913: Did Not Discuss Guilt of Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 28, 1913: Grief of Mrs. Coleman is a Pitiful Sight (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 3, 1913: May Use Jurors to Deny Charges (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 5, 1913: A. H. Henslee May Establish Alibi (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 6, 1913: Sparta Citizens Insist Henslee was Prejudiced (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 14, 1913: Dorsey Expected Back in Atlanta Wednesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 16, 1913: Dorsey Will Request Postponement Again (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 18, 1913: Criminal Court Will Convene Monday Week (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 20, 1913: Bodeker Keeps Counsel (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 20, 1913: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 21, 1913: J. C. Shirley Ready to Account for Movements on Murder Day (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 24, 1913: Now Accuse Fisher of Old Murder (New York Times)

October 24, 1913: Proof of Charges Will Mean a New Trial, Says Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 25, 1913: Jury Loaned Ears to Ravings of Mob, Says Rube Arnold (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 27, 1913: Arnold to Resume His Speech Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 27, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Die (New York Times)

October 28, 1913: Frank ‘Convicted by Mob’ (New York Times)

October 30, 1913: Retrial Hearing for Leo M. Frank Comes to Close (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 1, 1913: Frank’s Judge in Doubt (New York Times)

November 2, 1913: Leo Frank Appeals to Supreme Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 6, 1913: Dorsey Spent $1145.39 in the Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 14, 1913: Trial of Jim Conley Postponed to Monday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 26, 1913: Conley Will be Tried During January Term (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 7, 1913: Frank Case Will be Argued Dec. 15 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 17, 1913: Frank Seeks New Trial (New York Times)

December 17, 1913: Leo Frank’s Fate Now Rests With High Tribunal (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 25, 1913: Laboring Folk of Griffin Send Dorsey X-mas Present (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

1914, Atlanta, Georgia

January 1, 1914: Good Luck Marked 1913 Giving Knockout Blow to Prophets of Disaster (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 1, 1914: Gunman and Thug Busy During Year 1913 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 5, 1914: Case Against Fisher is Set for Wednesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 8, 1914: Frank Attorneys File Supplemental Brief (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 9, 1914: Fisher Freed on Murder Charge (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 15, 1914: Dorsey Will Not Reply to Latest Frank Brief (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 1, 1914: Court Takes Recess, Case of Jim Conley is Set for February 23, 1914 (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 18, 1914: Leo M. Frank Has Not Lost All Hope; Counsel Will Make Vigorous Fight to Save the Life of Their Client (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 18, 1914: Split Court Denies New Trial to Frank (New York Times)

February 19, 1914: Counsel for Frank to Ask a Rehearing by Supreme Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 19, 1914: W. J. Burns to Sift the Frank Mystery (New York Times)

February 21, 1914: Evidence for Frank Hidden, Say Counsel (New York Times)

February 21, 1914: Jim Conley Case to Come to Trial Week From Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 22, 1914: Solicitor Dorsey Scorched in Card by Frank Counsel (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 23, 1914: Mrs. Nina Formby Makes Affidavit to Assist Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 23, 1914: Negro on Trial in Frank Case (New York Times)

February 23, 1914: Retracts Evidence that Doomed Frank (New York Times)

February 24, 1914: All-Night Search to Find M’Knight Meets No Success (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 25, 1914: Appeal for Frank in Murder Case (New York Times)

February 25, 1914: Conley Convicted, Gets Year on Gang (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 26, 1914: Georgia Supreme Court Denies Rehearing — Other Appeals Planned (New York Times)

February 26, 1914: Plied With Whisky She Lied in Story Told About Frank Says Mrs. Formby (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 26, 1914: Woman Admits She Lied about Frank (New York Times)

February 27, 1914: Atlanta Stirred by Mrs. Formby’s Story (New York Times)

February 27, 1914: Becker Trial Was Parallel to Mine; Leo Frank Writes the Constitution (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 27, 1914: Detectives Scored in Alleged Formby Confession (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 28, 1914: Appeal for Frank Delayed by Hope of New Evidence (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 28, 1914: Mrs. Frank’s Appeal: Says Her Cook Was Forced into False Oath Like Mrs. Formby (New York Times)

March 1, 1914: Helen Ferguson Tells Defense in Affidavit of Advance by Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 1, 1914: Mrs. Frank Pleads for Simple Justice (New York Times)

March 2, 1914: Frank Convicted by Public Clamor (New York Times)

March 3, 1914: Burns Takes a Hand in Frank’s Behalf (New York Times)

March 4, 1914: Luther Z. Rosser Holds Conference in New York Over Leo Frank’s Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 4, 1914: Move Resentence of Frank To-day (New York Times)

March 5, 1914: Geo. Epps Brands as a Falsehood Story of His Son in Affidavit (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 5, 1914: Lied Against Frank, a News Boy Swears (New York Times)

March 5, 1914: Replies to Attorney Rosser (New York Times)

March 6, 1914: Affidavit Verified by Mrs. Ethel Miller (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 6, 1914: Frank Alibi Upheld by New Witnesses (New York Times)

March 6, 1914: Frank’s Time Alibi Gets New Support in Two Affidavits Given the Defense (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 7, 1914: Frank Confident of a New Trial (New York Times)

March 7, 1914: No Clemency Plea Planned for Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 8, 1914: Frank Resentenced, Says He’s Innocent (New York Times)

March 8, 1914: New Developments in Case of Frank Come With a Rush of Resentence (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 8, 1914: Rosser Defends Interview (New York Times)

March 8, 1914: Rosser Defends Interview Answering Georgia Chamber (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 9, 1914: Frank May Be Saved by Telltale Notes (New York Times)

March 9, 1914: Frank’s Detailed Answers: Prisoner Clears Up Some Vital Points in His Case (New York Times)

Leo Frank’s 4th Murder Confession March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution (Read Between the Lines)

March 9, 1914: Leo Frank Answers List of Questions Bearing on Points Made Against Him (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

To understand Leo Frank murder confession #4 in context, one must first learn about Leo Frank murder confession #3 first by studying State’s Exhibit B, Monteen Stover’s testimony and Leo Frank’s testimony response to Monteen Stover about an “unconscious” bathroom visit at the trial.

March 10, 1914: Base Frank’s Hope on Murder Notes (New York Times)

March 10, 1914: Topics of the Times: Blindness Hard to Understand (New York Times)

March 11, 1914: Burns to Return by Next Friday and Make Report (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 11, 1914: Justice Asked Now for Frank in Atlanta (New York Times)

March 12, 1914: Hope to Save Frank by New Confession (New York Times)

March 12, 1914: Smith to Protect Conley from Grill by William Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 13, 1914: Frank Case Yields New Bribe Charge (New York Times)

March 14, 1914: $1000 Bribe Offer to Implicate Frank (New York Times)

March 14, 1914: Evidence for Frank Ignored, She Says (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Atlanta and the Frank Case (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Frank Asks Six Questions (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: Leo M. Frank, An Innocent Man, May Suffer a Disgraceful Death for Another’s Crime (New York Times)

March 15, 1914: M’Knight Badly Injured Trying to Slip Into City Unnoticed by Detectives (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 16, 1914: Calls Frank’s Trial ‘Mockery of Justice’ (New York Times)

March 16, 1914: From Pulpits Comes Call for New Trial For Frank; Burns Here to Open Probe (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 16, 1914: FRANK ANSWERS QUESTIONS; Came from Unfriendly Sources, and His Defenders Are Elated. (New York Times)

March 16, 1914: Pastors Demand Retrial for Frank (New York Times)

March 17, 1914: Frank Ex-Employe Identifies Blank (New York Times)

March 17, 1914: W. J. Burns Confident (New York Times)

March 18, 1914: Becker Will Come to Leo Frank’s Aid if Defense Calls (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 18, 1914: Burns Confers With Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

March 19, 1914: Burns Says He Can Solve Frank Case (New York Times)

March 19, 1914: Smith to Thwart Secret Attempt to Grill Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 20, 1914: Crime in Factory Foulest He Ever Knew Says Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 20, 1914: Frank Case Easy, Burns Asserts (New York Times)

March 21, 1914: Detective Burns Given Hot Roast by Will M. Smith (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 21, 1914: Murder Trial Now Clearer — Burns (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: Burns to Extend Frank Case Inquiry (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: More Pastors Urge Retrial for Frank (New York Times)

March 22, 1914: Same Clamor Heard in Georgia as in Russia, Says Rabbi (New York Times)

March 23, 1914: Detective Burns Goes to New York to Hunt Evidence (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 23, 1914: New Frank Trial Urged by Pastor (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 24, 1914: To Hasten Motion to Re-try Frank (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Article 07: No Title (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Promises Surprise in the Frank Case (New York Times)

March 25, 1914: Smith is Giving His Service Free to James Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 26, 1914: Clue in Frank Case Brings Burns Here (New York Times)

March 26, 1914: Jane Addams Aids Frank (New York Times)

March 26, 1914: Probe Telegrams Sent From Newark (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 27, 1914: Investigation Here Will Aid Frank (New York Times)

March 28, 1914: Points to Conley as Girl’s Slayer (New York Times)

March 30, 1914: B’nai B’rith Delegate Lauds Atlanta Spirit, Discusses Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 30, 1914: Welcome Given to B’nai B’rith (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 30, 1914: Witness for Frank Sought in Chicago (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 31, 1914: Conley is Anxious to Face Accusers (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 31, 1914: Funeral Notices (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 1, 1914: Favors New Frank Trial (New York Times)

April 2, 1914: The Courts and the Frank Case (New York Times)

April 2, 1914: Will Show Employers Necessity of Militia (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 2, 1914: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

April 4, 1914: Burns says Frank Will Not Hang (New York Times)

April 5, 1914: Burns Will Seek Talk With Conley Early This Week (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 6, 1914: Burns Completes His Frank Report (New York Times)

April 7, 1914: More Affidavits for Frank Motion (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 8, 1914: Did Stover Girl go to Factory? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 8, 1914: Frank Under Test by Specialists (New York Times)

April 8, 1914: New Frank Clues Point to Conley (New York Times)

April 9, 1914: Burns and Dorsey Hold Conference (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 10, 1914: Interest Centered in Report of Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 11, 1914: New Evidence Against Jim Conley Reported (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 12, 1914: Frank Case $1000 Reward (New York Times)

April 13, 1914: Burns Expected to Return Soon (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 14, 1914: Frank’s Mother Has Confidence (New York Times)

April 15, 1914: May Amend Frank Motion (New York Times)

April 15, 1914: State May Oppose Plans of the Defense (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 16, 1914: Frank Wins a Stay; May Annul Verdict (New York Times)

April 16, 1914: Frank’s New Plea to be Filed Today (New York Times)

April 16, 1914: Leo Frank’s Fight to Get New Trial Will Begin Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 17, 1914: Way is Paved to Take Case of Leo M. Frank Before Federal Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 18, 1914: Think Frank’s Plea Will Win New Trial (New York Times)

April 19, 1914: Atlantans Favor New Frank Trial (New York Times)

April 19, 1914: Testimony He Gave at Trial Was True, Declares M’Knight (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 20, 1914: Burns Expected to Return Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 20, 1914: Frank Witness Recants (New York Times)

April 21, 1914: Grand Jury to Act on Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 22, 1914: Dorsey and Burns Have Warm Words (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 22, 1914: Frank Is Innocent, Burns Now States (New York Times)

April 22, 1914: Lanford Declines to Show Affidavits (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 23, 1914: Burns Says Conley Killed Phagan Girl (New York Times)

April 23, 1914: Conley is Guilty, Asserts W. J. Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 24, 1914: Battle for Life of Leo M. Frank Begins in Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 24, 1914: Evidence Implicating Conley (New York Times)

April 24, 1914: Hold Back Report of Burns on Frank (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Absolve Frank on Immorality Charge (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Editorial Article 01: No Title (New York Times)

April 25, 1914: Did Not Confess to Girl’s Murder, Says Jim Conley (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 26, 1914: Frank Is Normal, Physicians Report (New York Times)

April 26, 1914: Monday is the Anniversary of Death of Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 26, 1914: Says Love Letters Written by Conley Prove Him Guilty (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 27, 1914: Conley Notes Show Guilt, Says Burns (New York Times)

April 27, 1914: Friends Pay Tribute Today in the Cemetery at Marietta to Mary Phagan’s Memory (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 27, 1914: Topics of the Times: Intimidated Witnesses Speaking Up (New York Times)

April 28, 1914: Friends Pay Tribute to Memory of Girl Killed One Year Ago (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 28, 1914: Sure Conley Slew Others (New York Times)

April 29, 1914: Frank’s Lawyers Amend Their Plea (New York Times)

May 1, 1914: Horrible Mistake in Case of Frank, States W. J. Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 1, 1914: Ragsdale Alleges an Offer of 200 (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: Burns Attacked by Mob (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: Dorsey Attacks Frank Affidavits (New York Times)

May 2, 1914: W. J. Burns and Dan Lehon Summoned by Solicitor Dorsey to the Frank Retrial Hearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 2, 1914: William J. Burns Driven Out of Marietta (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 3, 1914: Burns Hampered, He Tells Court (New York Times)

May 3, 1914: Dorsey Calls C. W. Burke and Other Investigators for Leo Frank to Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 3, 1914: Retracts Evidence for Frank Defense (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: Frank Affidavits False, Says Dorsey (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: May Call Burns Before Grand Jury (New York Times)

May 5, 1914: Return of Negress Ordered by Judge Monday Morning (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 6, 1914: New York Times About Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 7, 1914: Frank Plea Fails, Will Take Appeal (New York Times)

May 7, 1914: New Trial Denied Leo Frank; No Argument by Hugh Dorsey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 8, 1914: The Frank Case (New York Times)

May 8, 1914: To Lay Frank Case Before Grand Jury (New York Times)

May 10, 1914: Burns to Answer Contempt Charge (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 10, 1914: Burns to Answer Contempt Charge (New York Times)

May 10, 1914: Judge Will Not Give an Opinion (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 11, 1914: Burns Unable to Appear (New York Times)

May 12, 1914: Burns Will Meet Charges (New York Times)

May 14, 1914: Leo Frank Hearing Set For Wednesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 16, 1914: Had to Hide Witness (New York Times)

May 16, 1914: Lehon Contempt Trial is Postponed by Hill (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 17, 1914: Dorsey Ready to Argue Move to Upset Verdict (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 18, 1914: Frank Inquiry Today (New York Times)

May 19, 1914: Assails Frank Detectives (New York Times)

May 19, 1914: Lehon Contempt Trial Up Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 20, 1914: Atlanta Police Commission Takes Action Against Detective (New York Times)

May 24, 1914: Our Record Clean, Asserts Dan Lehon (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1914: Persecuted, Says Lehon (New York Times)

May 25, 1914: Frank Lawyers Fight Back (New York Times)

May 27, 1914: Burns in Contempt (New York Times)

May 29, 1914: Frank Appeal Sent Up (New York Times)

May 30, 1914: Negro Cuts Detective in Effort to Escape (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 2, 1914: Next Stage in Frank Case (New York Times)

June 5, 1914: Frank Hearing Today (New York Times)

June 6, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 6, 1914: Verdict is Void, Declare Lawyers for Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 7, 1914: Another Step in Frank Case Won by State (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 7, 1914: Frank Loses Fight to Annul Verdict (New York Times)

June 9, 1914: Only One Fair Course (New York Times)

June 16, 1914: Burns to be Ousted by the Police Chiefs (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 16, 1914: Chiefs May Oust Burns (New York Times)

June 19, 1914: Burke Indicted for Perjury Subornation (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 20, 1914: Dropped by Chiefs, Burns Asks Hearing (New York Times)

June 20, 1914: Burns is Dropped by Police Chiefs (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 20, 1914: Resented His Criticisms (New York Times)

June 25, 1914: A. S. Colyar Arrested at Cartersville Home (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 28, 1914: Conley Sentence Stands (New York Times)

June 30, 1914: Knocks and Boosts From the State Press (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 7, 1914: Frank Files Exceptions (New York Times)

July 21, 1914: Frank Appeal Hearing (New York Times)

August 16, 1914: Surprise Sprung by Introduction of Character Witnesses by Defense (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 3, 1914: Frank Not Guilty, Believes Conley’s Lawyer, Plans to Obtain Freedom of Man in Tower (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 3, 1914: Says Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: Conley, Not Frank, Called Slayer (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: Smith’s Change Voluntary (New York Times)

October 4, 1914: William Smith Tells Why His Opinion Has Changed as to Guilt of Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 5, 1914: Why Smith Believes Frank Is Innocent (New York Times)

October 6, 1914: Will Investigate Frank Case Anew (New York Times)

October 7, 1914: Jury of Writers in Frank Case (New York Times)

October 8, 1914: Analyzes ‘Murder Notes’ (New York Times)

October 9, 1914: Defies Lynching Threats (New York Times)

October 10, 1914: No Attack on Dorsey, Says William M. Smith (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 11, 1914: Should Lawyer Betray Client to Save Innocent Man (New York Times)

October 15, 1914: Appeal Made by Leo Frank For New Trial Turned Down by Georgia Supreme Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

October 15, 1914: New Trial Denied to Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

October 26, 1914: Frank’s Last Fight to Be Begun Today (New York Times)

October 27, 1914: Frank’s Last Stand in Georgia Courts (New York Times)

October 27, 1914: Last Appeal Made for Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 1, 1914: Shots Not for Slaton (New York Times)

November 3, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 11, 1914: Frank Case Decision May Be Given Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 15, 1914: Frank’s Last Hope in Georgia Gone (New York Times)

November 15, 1914: Leo Frank Loses in Supreme Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 16, 1914: Frank to Appeal to Supreme Court (New York Times)

November 17, 1914: Frank’s Last Hope (New York Times)

November 20, 1914: Grand Jury is Probing Bond Fraud Cases (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 20, 1914: Justice for Leo M. Frank: Letter to the Editor (New York Times)

November 20, 1914: Deny Frank Writ of Error (New York Times)

November 21, 1914: Leo Frank Again Loses Big Point (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 22, 1914: Frank Sure Truth Will Yet Be Known (New York Times)

November 22, 1914: Vindication Asked by Leo M. Frank in Card to Public (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 24, 1914: Article 11: No Title (New York Times)

November 24, 1914: Frank Case Witness Placed Under Arrest (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 24, 1914: Refuses Frank a Writ of Error (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Frank on His Own Case: Letter from Leo Frank (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Is It a Denial of Justice? (New York Times)

November 25, 1914: Mind Open on Frank Case (New York Times)

November 26, 1914: Editorial Article 1 (No Title) (New York Times)

November 27, 1914: Justice Holmes’s Opinion (New York Times)

November 27, 1914: Justice to Frank Doubted by Holmes (New York Times)

November 28, 1914: Frank Says Jurors Feared Vengeance (New York Times)

November 28, 1914: Jury Was on Trial, Says Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 28, 1914: Last Plea to Supreme Court (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Article 14: No Title (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Retry Leo Frank, Says Rabbi Lyons (New York Times)

November 29, 1914: Sample of the Arguments Used to Convict the Prisoner: Letter to the Editor (New York Times)

November 30, 1914: Frank Case Today in Highest Court (New York Times)

November 30, 1914: No Delay Expected in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 1, 1914: Frank Appeals to Highest Court (New York Times)

December 1, 1914: The Press on Frank Case (New York Times)

December 2, 1914: Says Frank Verdict was Legal Nullity (New York Times)

December 2, 1914: Topics of the Times: Conditions Were Different (New York Times)

December 3, 1914: Action is Postponed on Frank Remittitur (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 4, 1914: Press on Frank Case (New York Times)

December 5, 1914: A Psychologist Mystified (New York Times)

December 5, 1914: Frank Case Remittitur in Hands of the Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 5, 1914: Topics of the Times: A Psychologist Studies Frank’s Case (New York Times)

December 6, 1914: Atlanta’s Mob Spirit Resident Holds it Responsible for Leo Frank’s Conviction (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Frank Loses Last Chance in Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 8, 1914: Frank’s Final Plea Fails in High Court (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Frank’s Last Appeal Denied (New York Times)

December 8, 1914: Front Page 2: No Title (New York Times)

December 9, 1914: Frank May Again Ask for a Writ (New York Times)

December 9, 1914: Habeas Corpus Writ for Leo Frank Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 10, 1914: Frank Resentenced, Reassures Innocence (New York Times)

December 10, 1914: Leo Frank Hears Sentence of Death (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 11, 1914: Georgians Here Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

December 11, 1914: Judge Hill Suffers Relapse of Illness (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 11, 1914: New Plea to Courts Prepared for Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 12, 1914: Georgians Urged to Plead for Frank (New York Times)

December 13, 1914: All Urged to Write Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Finds Mob Frenzy Convicted Frank (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Frank Counsel Hopeful (New York Times)

December 14, 1914: Plan Hard Fight for Frank’s Life (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 15, 1914: Frank Can Appeal Again, Says Lawyer (New York Times)

December 17, 1914: Brooklyn Petition for Frank Pardon (New York Times)

December 17, 1914: Frank Now Seeks Habeas Corpus Writ (New York Times)

December 18, 1914: Friend’s Plea for Frank (New York Times)

December 18, 1914: Leo Frank Opens New Court Fight (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 19, 1914: Frank’s Moral Energy: Can He Write His Own Speeches, a Personal Acquaintance Asks (New York Times)

December 19, 1914: Newman to Hear Frank Case Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 19, 1914: Organize Aid to Frank (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: Ask Certificate with Frank Appeal (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: Frank Case Appeal May Yet Be Granted (New York Times)

December 20, 1914: “Frank is Innocent” – Burns (New York Times)

December 21, 1914: Lawyers Unite for Frank (New York Times)

December 22, 1914: Alexander Scores Charge of Dorsey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 22, 1914: Appeal for Frank, But No Certificate (New York Times)

December 22, 1914: Frank Mass Meeting Called (New York Times)

December 23, 1914: Marshall Will Make Supreme Court Plea (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 23, 1914: New Move to Save Frank (New York Times)

December 24, 1914: Article 7: No Title (New York Times)

December 24, 1914: Called Lynch Law Veiled (New York Times)

December 25, 1914: Frank Case Before Lamar (New York Times)

December 26, 1914: Says His Analysis Vindicates Franks (New York Times)

December 27, 1914: Cornell Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

December 27, 1914: No Lamar Decision Yet (New York Times)

December 28, 1914: Frank Railroaded, E. V. Debs Asserts (New York Times)

December 28, 1914: Leo Frank Decision is Expected Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 28, 1914: Lesson From Frank Case (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Frank’s Appeal Granted (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Frank’s Trial Legal, Declares Grossman (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 29, 1914: Lamar Grants Appeal to Frank (New York Times)

December 29, 1914: Leo M. Frank’s New Fight for Life May Last in Courts for Six Months Before a Final Decision is Reached (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 29, 1914: Topics of the Times: How Could New Trial Be Refused (New York Times)

December 30, 1914: Long Legal Battle in Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 31, 1914: Article 5 (No Title) (New York Times)

December 31, 1914: Denver Jews to Aid Frank (New York Times)

1915, Atlanta, Georgia

January 1, 1915: Frank Writ a Relief (Reprinted from Chicago Tribune) (New York Times)

January 1, 1915: Texans Make Plea for Leo M. Frank (New York Times)

January 3, 1915: Leo M. Frank Says Politics Prompted Joseph M. Brown to Write Card to Chronicle (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 4, 1915: The Frank Case: A Socialist Plea for Justice Where It Can Still Be Done (New York Times)

January 5, 1915: Good Wishes from the Prisoner to Whom the New Year Has Brought Hope: A Letter from Leo Frank (New York Times)

January 6, 1915: Frank Motion on Jan. 18 (New York Times)

January 6, 1915: Leo Frank Replies to Attack by Brown (New York Times)

January 10, 1915: A Letter on the Frank Case and a Reply to It (New York Times)

January 10, 1915: Frank Is Innocent, Says George S. Dougherty (New York Times)

January 17, 1915: Warren Grice Will Ask Early Hearing on Frank Petition (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 17, 1915: William J. Burns Scores Man Who Worked in Frank Case (New York Times)

January 19, 1915: To Advance the Frank Case (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Article 8 (No Title) (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Frank Protected by Supreme Court (New York Times)

January 20, 1915: Woman Questions Conley (New York Times)

January 21, 1915: Frank Case Damage Suit (New York Times)

January 22, 1915: Lehon Plot Trial Put Off (New York Times)

January 24, 1915: Leo Frank Appeal is Set for Feb. 23 by Supreme Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 26, 1915: For Early Frank Hearing (New York Times)

January 29, 1915: Jim Conley Will Take Stand Today as State Witness (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 29, 1915: Ragsdale Swears to Perjury Plot (New York Times)

January 30, 1915: Large Sums Paid to Burns Agency, Haas Tells Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 30, 1915: Wouldn’t Trust Ragsdale on Oath (New York Times)

January 31, 1915: Burns Men Deny Bribing Ragsdale (New York Times)

January 31, 1915: Will Leo Frank be Tried Again? (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 1, 1915: Acquits Burns Men in Frank Case (New York Times)

February 1, 1915: Plan to Pursue Frank (New York Times)

February 2, 1915: Frank Case Advanced (New York Times)

February 2, 1915: Topics of the Times: Atlanta’s Change of Heart (New York Times)

February 3, 1915: Georgians File Protest (New York Times)

February 3, 1915: Watson Denounces Plan to Try Him (New York Times)

February 8, 1915: Topics of the Times: A Dilemma Purely Imaginary (New York Times)

February 10, 1915: State is Preparing for Frank Hearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 21, 1915: Frank Brief Filed in Supreme Court (New York Times)

February 22, 1915: Georgia to File Frank Brief Today (New York Times)

February 23, 1915: Conley, Not Frank, Guilty, Train Holds (New York Times)

February 23, 1915: Lawyers for State Reach Washington (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 23, 1915: Sheriff Mangum Leaves to Attend Leo Frank Hearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 24, 1915: Georgia Files Frank Brief (New York Times)

February 24, 1915: Postpone Hearing of Frank Appeal (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 26, 1915: Marshall Heard in Frank’s Behalf (New York Times)

February 27, 1915: Frank Case Appeal Arguments Ended (New York Times)

February 27, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate in Hands of Court (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

March 23, 1915: Frank’s Judge Dying Here (New York Times)

March 24, 1915: Frank Trial Judge, L. S. Roan, Dies Here (New York Times)

April 18, 1915: About the Frank Case (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: Frank Judge Left Plea for Clemency (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: High Court Denies Frank’s Last Plea (New York Times)

April 20, 1915: His Plea Denied, Frank May Move for a Rehearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 20, 1915: The Dismissal of Frank’s Appeal (New York Times)

April 21, 1915: A Popular Misconception (New York Times)

April 21, 1915: Frank’s Attorneys Confer on Appeal (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 22, 1915: Decide Not to Ask a Pardon for Frank (New York Times)

April 22, 1915: Frank Pardon Plea Will Be Completed Within a Few Days (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 23, 1915: Frank Makes Plea for Commutation (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

April 23, 1915: Frank Makes Plea for Life Sentence (New York Times)

April 23, 1915: Justice, Not Mercy (New York Times)

April 26, 1915: Pulpit Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

April 28, 1915: Article 12 (No Title) (New York Times)

April 30, 1915: Frank Hearing in June (New York Times)

April 30, 1915: Mother and Father of Leo Frank Here to Attend Hearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 1, 1915: Leo Frank an Innocent Man, Declares Geraldine Ferrar After Visit to Tower Cell (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 3, 1915: Board to Go Deep into Frank Case (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Chicago Plea for Frank (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Halts Move to Have Frank Resentenced (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: Offer Plea for Frank (New York Times)

May 4, 1915: State Will Wait for U.S. Mandate in Case of Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 4, 1915: Topics of the Times: New Aspect of the Frank Case (New York Times)

May 6, 1915: Frank’s Lawyers Get Affidavits (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 6, 1915: Georgia Counsel Surprised (New York Times)

May 6, 1915: Mandate Hastened on Frank’s Motion (New York Times)

May 8, 1915: Plan Aid for Frank (New York Times)

May 10, 1915: Resentence Frank Today (New York Times)

May 11, 1915: Frank’s Death Day Fixed for June 22 (New York Times)

May 11, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate up to Gov. Slaton as Final Arbiter (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 12, 1915: Article 21: No Title (New York Times)

May 12, 1915: Frank’s Last Hope (New York Times)

May 12, 1915: Petitions for Frank Signed by 15,000 (New York Times)

May 17, 1915: Frank a Mob Victim, Rabbi Wise Asserts (New York Times)

May 17, 1915: Will Hear Frank’s Plea (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Chicago Women Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Clemency Hearing for Frank May 31 (New York Times)

May 18, 1915: Date for Hearing of Frank is Fixed (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 19, 1915: Mass Meeting to Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 19, 1915: Paterson to Frank’s Aid (New York Times)

May 19, 1915: State of Tennessee Makes Plea for Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 19, 1915: Topics of the Times: Frank’s Case Without a Precedent (New York Times)

May 20, 1915: People Here Eager to Sign Frank Plea (New York Times)

May 20, 1915: Two State Legislatures Ask Georgia’s Governor for Clemency for Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 21, 1915: More Petitions for Frank (New York Times)

May 22, 1915: Frank Innocent, Says Judge Powell (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: An Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Another Frank Appeal (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Article 6: No Title (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Article 7: No Title (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Calls Frank Case a Georgia Matter (New York Times)

May 23, 1915: Leo Frank Jurors to Hold Meeting to Discuss Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1915: Calls Frank Victim of Cry Against Jews (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Free Sons Send Petition (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Ministers Aid Frank (New York Times)

May 24, 1915: Pastors to Plead for Commutation of Frank Sentence (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 24, 1915: Plan Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

May 25, 1915: Lindsey Pleads for Frank (New York Times)

May 26, 1915: Dunne at Front for Frank (New York Times)

May 26, 1915: Michigan Legislature Makes Plea (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Affidavit by Wife at Frank Hearing (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Article 4: No Title (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Clemency is Urged for Leo M. Frank by Georgia Society (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 27, 1915: Clemency Protest is Filed by Dorsey (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 27, 1915: Foss Leads Frank Appeal (New York Times)

May 27, 1915: Foss Urges Frank Clemency (New York Times)

May 28, 1915: Article 9: No Title (New York Times)

May 28, 1915: Dorsey’s Course Still Undecided (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 28, 1915: Prosecutor May Not Fight Frank’s Plea (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Article 11: No Title (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Asks President to Plead for Frank (New York Times)

May 29, 1915: Conley and Frank Meet Wednesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

May 29, 1915: W. J. Burns Exonerated (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: 1,000,000 Plead for Frank (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: An Atlanta Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Carry New England’s Plea (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Holds Murder Note Author Was Conley (New York Times)

May 30, 1915: Hope for Frank in Final Fight (New York Times)

May 31, 1915: Commission Ready for Frank Hearing (New York Times)

May 31, 1915: Leo Frank’s Plea for Commutation to be Heard Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 1, 1915: Final Frank Plea Not Opposed (New York Times)

June 1, 1915: Frank’s Hearing Ends Commission, to Make Recommendation Soon (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 1, 1915: Plea for Frank to Wilson (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: Frank and Conley Will Meet Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 2, 1915: Order Appeals for Frank (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: Phagan Townsfolk at Frank Hearing (New York Times)

June 2, 1915: The Appeal for Frank (New York Times)

June 3, 1915: Frank and Conley Will Not Testify (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 5, 1915: Magicians at Trick Dinner (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Rochester Aid for Frank (New York Times)

June 5, 1915: Prison Commissioners Go to Their Homes (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 9, 1915: Decision on Frank is Expected Today (New York Times)

June 10, 1915: Case of Leo Frank is up to Governor for Final Decision (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 11, 1915: Final Plea for Frank to be Made Saturday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 12, 1915: Marietta Delegation to Fight Frank Plea (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 12, 1915: To Make Last Plea for Frank Today (New York Times)

June 13, 1915: Begin Last Frank Plea to Governor (New York Times)

June 13, 1915: Slaton to Spend Today in Study of Frank Appeal (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 14, 1915: Slaton Expected to Inspect Scene of Murder Today (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 15, 1915: Howard to Finish Appeal for Frank Early Wednesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 17, 1915: Ask State to Cease Killing by Law (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Frank’s Fate Now in Slaton’s Hands (New York Times)

June 17, 1915: Leo Frank’s Fate up to Governor; Hearing is Ended (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 17, 1915: Leo Frank’s Head Put in Metal Braces (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 17, 1915: Reward of $1,000 Offered by Burns (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 18, 1915: Leo Frank May Know His Fate by Sunday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 19, 1915: Decision on Frank Expected Monday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 19, 1915: Gov. Slaton Delays Leo Frank Decision (New York Times)

June 20, 1915: Frank May Not Know His Fate Till Tuesday (New York Times)

June 21, 1915: Frank Sentence Commuted (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 21, 1915: Frank’s Sentence is Commuted by Slaton (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 22, 1915: Creditable to the State (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Frank Starts Prison Work, Noisy Crowd at Governor’s Home Dispersed by Militia (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 22, 1915: Gov. Slaton’s Statement; Slaton Commutes Frank Sentence (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: How Constitution Got Story of Frank’s Departure When Governor, Sheriff and Other Officials Combined to Keep Commutation Secret Until Monday Afternoon (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 22, 1915: Marshall Praises Slaton’s Courage (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Press of Georgia Upholds Governor (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Soldiers Now Guard Him (New York Times)

June 22, 1915: Whole Frank Case Reviewed in Slaton’s Statement (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 23, 1915: Gov. Slaton Sees Mob’s Anger Die (New York Times)

June 24, 1915: Guards Increased at Milledgeville (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

June 25, 1915: A Study for Psychologists (New York Times)

June 25, 1915: Troops to Guard Slaton (New York Times)

June 26, 1915: Violence Feared in Atlanta Today (New York Times)

June 29, 1915: Praise for Slaton in Flood of Mail (New York Times)

July 1, 1915: Capitol Gossip (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 14, 1915: Militia Under Arms Following Mob Rumor (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 18, 1915: Leo Frank’s Throat Cut by Convict; Famous Prisoner Near Death (New York Times)

July 18, 1915: Leo Frank’s Throat Cut by State Farm Prisoner (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 19, 1915: Creen’s Mind Affected by Fall from Bridge (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 19, 1915: Frank’s Condition Steadily Improving, Good Chance to Recover, Say Doctors (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 20, 1915: Another Doctor Added to Staff Treating Frank (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 20, 1915: Frank in a Fever, Infection Feared (New York Times)

July 22, 1915: Frank Grows Stronger; Danger is Nearly Over (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 25, 1915: The Hideous Mob Spirit (New York Times)

July 26, 1915: Preacher Defends Thaw (New York Times)

August 11, 1915: On Day of Release, He Weds Daughter of GA Prison Head (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 17, 1915: Posses Chase Frank Mob (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 17, 1915: Warden is Overpowered (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Article 1 (No Title) (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Called Blot on State by Josephus Daniels (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Georgia Press Condemns Act (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Georgia’s Shame (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Had Not Given Up Hope (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Harris to Probe Frank Lynching (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: How the Jeffersonian Fanned Race Hatred (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Loyless Bids, Georgians Choose (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Lynching of Leo Frank Denounced by Daniels (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Mob Had Plotted Crime for Weeks (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Mob Hanging Better than Judicial Murder, Says John M. Slaton (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Mob’s Own Story in Detail (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 18, 1915: Save Body from Mob; Heels Mutilate Face (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Says Tom Watson is Frank’s Slayer (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Took Frank’s Life in Resentment (New York Times)

August 18, 1915: Trial Called a Prolonged Lynching (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: A Regrettable Incident (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Grim Tragedy in Woods (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Handcuffs May Prove Clue to Identity of at Least One of Leo Frank’s Lynchers (New York Times)

August 19, 1915: Woodward is Rapped by Governor Slaton (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 19, 1915: Would Isolate Georgia (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Frank Lynching Due to Suspicion and Prejudice (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Frank’s Body Here; Burial Hour Secret (New York Times)

August 20, 1915: Mob Law is Condemned in Statement by Harris on Leo Frank Lynching (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 21, 1915: Alleged Frank Relics (New York Times)

August 22, 1915: Leo Frank Wrote His Own Alibi (New York Times)

August 22, 1915: One Frank Lyncher Said to be Known (New York Times)

August 24, 1915: Boycott Started Against Atlanta by Boston Firm (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 25, 1915: Lynchers Unknown, Frank Jury Finds (New York Times)

August 25, 1915: Officials of Cobb Seek Clew to Mob (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 30, 1915: Rope on His Auto, New York Police Shadow Atlantan (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 12, 1915: Famous French Parallel to the Frank Case (New York Times)

September 13, 1915: Attacks Watson in Frank Case (New York Times)

September 20, 1915: Frank Committee Loses Chairman (New York Times)

October 17, 1915: Queries from Times Readers and Answers to Them (New York Times)

November 3, 1915: Society Lukewarm on Suffrage Vote (New York Times)

November 5, 1915: Gangster Madden Stays in Sing Sing (New York Times)

November 15, 1915: New England Educational Journal Criticizes Narrowness of Eastern Magazine (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

November 20, 1915: Echo of the Frank Case (New York Times)

Post-1915, Atlanta, Georgia and Beyond

February 15, 1916: Jim Conley is Fined for Beating His Wife (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

February 29, 1916: Morris Lasker Dead (New York Times)

April 2, 1916: Georgians Square, Asserts Slaton (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

September 12, 1916: Dorsey Assails Slaton and Jews (New York Times)

September 13, 1916: Marshall Denies Dorsey’s Charges (New York Times)

August 4, 1917: Ex-Gov. Slaton in a Fight (New York Times)

January 14, 1919: Jim Conley Shot as Store Breaker by Druggist Conn (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 17, 1919: Jim Conley Admits Attempt at Burglary (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 18, 1919: Leo Frank’s Accuser Shot (New York Times)

February 25, 1919: 20-Year Jail Sentence for Conley (New York Times)

June 11, 1919: Recalls the Frank Case (New York Times)

August 19, 1921: W. J. Burns to Head the Secret Service (New York Times)

March 5, 1922: State Will Cite Leo Frank’s Case in Dupre Hearing (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 2, 1922: The Anti Lynching Bill (New York Times)

February 24, 1929: Aged Inmate Soon Will Complete 15 Years in Prison (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

July 16, 1930: Heckler Questions Slaton Concerning Leo Frank Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

August 12, 1930: Slaton Discusses Frank Commutation (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

January 4, 1942: L.P. Whitfield, Noted Sleuth, 61, Succumbs (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 1, 1943: Leo Frank’s Widow Not Bitter, Sews on Wedding Anniversary (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

December 2, 1943: Mrs. Frank Fine, Brave Woman, Slaton Opines; Silent on Case (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

Further Required Reading:

A selection of media concerning the Leo Frank Case.

Atlanta Journal Merges With Atlanta Constitution

AJC on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Journal

Media Sensationalism: Concerning the Atlanta Georgian owned by William Randolph Hearst

Yellow Journalism: Frank Luther Mott (1941) defines yellow journalism in terms of five characteristics:

1. scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
2. lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
3. use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudo-science, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
4. emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips (which is now normal in the U.S.)
5. dramatic sympathy with the “underdog” against the system.

Yellow Journalism: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_journalism

Information about the Atlanta Georgian Newspaper (Wikipedia): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Georgian

The Atlanta Georgian Full Issues Concerning the Principals of the Leo Frank Case from the Murder of Mary Phagan to the Conviction of Leo Frank:

1. Atlanta Georgian Newspaper Archive Beginning, April 28, 1913, through August, 1913: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-georgian/

Atlanta Constitution Issues Full Issues Concerning the murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner’s Inquest, Grand Jury, Discovery, Trial, Appeals, Lynching and Lawsuits against the National Pencil Company:

2. Atlanta Constitution complete issues from 1913 to 1915 about the Leo Frank Case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-constitution-issues/

Atlanta Journal Shortened issues Concerning the Leo Frank Case, April 28, 1913 to Dec. 31st, 1913:

3. The Atlanta Journal only specifically about the case: http://leofrank.org/library/atlanta-journal-newspaper-shortened/

Master Library of the United States:

Library of Congress Chronicling America “Leo Frank” newspaper search 1900 to 1922.

Watson’s Weekly Newspaper:

Tom Watson’s Jeffersonian Newspaper, Images (80% complete), 1914 to 1917: http://leofrank.org/images/jeffersonian-newspaper-images/

Online University Archive:

The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson

Tom Watson’s Magazine 1915 (August, September and October, 1915, provide the best analysis of the Leo Frank Case)

1. Watson’s Magazine, January 1915, Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

2. The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for ‘A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case’. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

3. Watson’s Magazine August 1915 volume 21 no. 4 featuring Leo Frank Mary Phagan Murder Trial A review of the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

4. The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert, September 1915 By Tom Watson, of historical importance. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

5. Rich Jews Indict the State of Georgia (October, 1915) By Tom Watson, historically important. Tom Watson exposes the big money Jewish Community. Available online in adobe PDF format for download from www.archive.org.

Tom E. Watson on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_E._Watson

Clark Howell, Atlanta Constitution: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clark_Howell, retrieved 2012.

Leo Frank’s Four Known Admissions that Amounted to Murder Confessions:

Leo Frank Murder Confession #1: Made by Leo Frank on April 26, 1913, to James “Jim” Conley (African-American) the Negro sweeper of the NPCo factory.

Leo Frank Murder Confession #2: Minola McKnight (African-American) the Selig’s Negro Cook.

Leo Frank Murder Confession #3: Leo Frank’s Murder Trial Confession of August 18, 1913, Leo Frank Solves the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery.

Leo Frank’s 4th Murder Confession March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution (Read Between the Lines): March 9, 1914: Leo Frank Answers List of Questions Bearing on Points Made Against Him. Leo Frank’s authorized jailhouse interview which amounted to Leo Frank’s jailhouse murder confession, the fourth known Leo Frank murder confession.

For studying the murder of Mary Phagan and Conviction of Leo Frank, the Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta Georgian and Atlanta Journal are available in PDF format, and should be studied from April, 1913, through till August, 1915, in-order to get the best grasp of the Frank-Phagan case (1913 to 1915) in the the three major local competing daily Atlanta newspapers, that together defined the heart of the Georgian mainstream media.

1. Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner’s Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915. http://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseInTheAtlantaConstitutionNewspaper1913To1915

2. Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Frank-Phagan Case from April though August, 1913. http://archive.org/details/AtlantaGeorgianNewspaperAprilToAugust1913

3. Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Frank-Phagan Case: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaJournalApril281913toAugust311913

After reading these three local Atlanta Georgia newspapers, it’s time for you to decide the truth, first as the Judge and Jury, and secondly, as the Georgia Supreme Court Justices, to determine whether or not, the verdict rendered against Leo Frank was correct and should stand:

First:

1. You are now the Judge and Jury, read the official Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence from beginning to end, sifting it and pass your verdict. Would you leave the verdict of the jury and judge undisturbed?

Second:

2. You are now the Georgia Supreme Court, read the Leo Frank Supreme Court Records in either individual images or PDF, from beginning to end, sifting it and pass your verdict. Would you leave the verdict of the jury and judge undisturbed?

Open Discussion Forum:

To discuss the Leo Frank Case, join Brooklyn College Professor Allen Koenigsberg’s, Leo Frank Case Yahoo Discussion Group, from the Leo Frank Case: Open or Closed, website: http://www.LeoFrankCase.com (The Leo Frank Research Library is NOT affiliated with Professor Allen Koenigsberg or his Leo Frank Case website/yahoo group.)

Last Updated: April 26, 2013.